Marijuana Ballot Initiatives

Here's Where Marijuana Is on the Ballot in November

Two states are voting to permit medical marijuana. Four are voting for legalization.


Congress appears to be wimping out on the prospect of decriminalizing marijuana and removing it from the federal schedule of controlled substances, thanks to pressure from police and prohibition lobbyists (and a general lack of support from Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden).

But the states are continuing to legalize on their own with the support of their voters, and more marijuana initiatives are on the ballot in November. South Dakota and Mississippi voters will be asked to permit the use of medical marijuana as a treatment for certain medical conditions. South Dakota voters will also be offered the chance to legalize recreational use, as will voters in Arizona, Montana, and New Jersey.

Mississippi. The Mississippi ballot initiative is a complicated mess that will require voters to tick multiple boxes. There are actually two competing bills to allow for medical marijuana, Proposition 65 and Alternative 65A. Voters will first be asked whether they want either measure to pass. Then regardless of whether they want either measure to pass, they'll be asked to choose which measure they'd prefer. So technically, a voter can oppose medical marijuana legalization but then also decide which version they'd prefer if it passes anyway, and that vote will count.

Prop. 65 will allow the use of medical marijuana to treat more than 20 specific medical marijuana conditions and establishes possession limits and a sales tax rate for sales. Alternative 65A is the version put on the ballot by state lawmakers and would restrict medical marijuana use only to those with terminal illnesses.

Polling from earlier in the year showed a majority voting in favor of Prop. 65 by 52 percent. But this week Marijuana Moment reported that a sample ballot being circulated by the American Medical Association and the Mississippi State Medical Association (MSMA) is telling voters to vote no for both of them, but then to select the more restrictive 65A as their second option. This would seriously limit who would be allowed legal access to medical marijuana.

South Dakota. South Dakota voters get to decide whether to legalize medical marijuana and also to legalize recreational use. Measure 26 would establish medical marijuana as a legal treatment for anything certified as a "debilitating medical condition" by a physician. It would establish possession limits and would permit registered patients to grow marijuana at home.

South Dakota voters will also have the option to amend the state's constitution to fully legalize recreational marijuana use. Constitutional Amendment A will allow recreational marijuana use for those over the age of 21 and possession and distribution of up to one ounce. The sale of marijuana would be taxed at 15 percent. Half of that revenue would be earmarked for public schools. The South Dakota amendment would allow residents who don't live in a jurisdiction with a licensed retailer to grow their own.

Arizona. Arizona voters narrowly voted down marijuana legalization in 2016, but it's back on the ballot again as Proposition 207. The proposition will legalize consumption by those over 21, allow people to grow up to six plants as long as they are in an enclosed area and not within public view, and would set a 16 percent sales tax rate.

Early polling had support for legalization widely ahead, but the latest numbers have voters split. Republican Gov. Doug Ducey opposes legalization, complaining that "Kids would become easy prey for an industry hungry to create a new generation of users."

New Jersey. New Jersey's vote is actually a referendum put on the ballot by the state's legislature. This is the first time that state lawmakers actually voted to refer the matter to the voters, partly because the lawmakers themselves could not settle on a bill.

New Jersey's referendum, Question 1, would update the state's constitution to allow those over 21 to consume marijuana recreationally and would create a regulatory system to oversee a recreational marketplace. Current polls show marijuana legalization in New Jersey has strong support. The ad campaign there focuses on how much money the state spends arresting people for pot possession ($143 million annually).

Montana. Montana voters will have two marijuana ballot initiatives. The first, I-190, would allow legal consumption for adults over the age of 21. It will allow private cultivation of up to four plants, establish a retail regulatory regime, and set retail taxes at 20 percent.

There's also a separate constitutional initiative, CI-118, that would amend the state's constitution specifically to allow the state the authority to set a minimum legal age for the consumption of marijuana, just like it does for alcohol.

So even as Congress continues to stumble around and fail to respond to poll numbers showing that Americans support marijuana legalization, the states and voters are reforming their laws regardless.

NEXT: Trump's Muddled Mask Message May Be His Best Attempt To Reconcile Irreconcilable Extremes

Editor's Note: We invite comments and request that they be civil and on-topic. We do not moderate or assume any responsibility for comments, which are owned by the readers who post them. Comments do not represent the views of or Reason Foundation. We reserve the right to delete any comment for any reason at any time. Report abuses.

  1. the presumption national (D) wants legal weed is cute.

    1. Wake me up when they legalize acid.

      1. I quit working at shoprite and now I make $65-85 per/h. How? I’m working online! My work didn’t exactly make me happy so I decided to take a chance on something new…ERd after 4 years it was so hard to quit my day job but now I couldn’t be happier.

        Here’s what I do…>> Click here

    2. Democrats only deregulated weed to grab the pot smoker vote. No state has legal weed. Weed still has a bunch of rules and criminalization attached to it.

      It didnt win them the US Senate or presidency in 2016, so no more major attempts to deregulate weed.

      The Democrat controlled House never forwarded a bill to repeal the Controlled Substances Act or even the subsection about marijuana.

  2. Still hoping Trump’s October surprise is an Executive Order de-scheduling pot, and expunging all Federal convictions for non-violent marijuana crimes.

    1. Man if Trump were to reschedule cannabis by executive order as a 4 then Trump would win with weed is a SLAMDUNK????????????????????

  3. Clearly the most important social issue of our time. Not the fucking communist front destroying cities and taking over city councils.

    1. But this one is more amenable to legislation. What are you going to put on the ballot: making it illegal to destroy cities? Making it illegal to take over city councils? What you can do is vote against the communists, by voting for the next most popular choice, in both primary and general elections.

  4. I see that after Boehm’s rant against Trump as a white supremacist cult leader after the debate last night, they made him write the obligatory pot piece.

    Be better, Boehm.

  5. I just assumed everyone in Montana was stoned already

  6. Commies gonna commie. Even legalized, the filthy politicians can’t keep their hands out of the cookie jar. They should learn from tobacco. To get a bunch of tax revenue, you have to sell a bunch of weed. Stupid regulations, crony licensing, and obscene tax rates are an impediment to revenue, not a generator.

    1. Taxes, licensing and permitting all going to promulgate black markets when the product is something that anyone can grow on a windowsill. But, whatever, I don’t figure that politicians have ever given a crap about actually cutting the flow of money to criminals who murder for territory.

  7. Talk about Reefer Madness! The delusional rantings found in the link ‘Republican Gov. Doug Ducey opposes legalization’ are at once some of the most hilarious and disconcerting items I’ve read recently. There are about 200 different spins on the debunked ‘Gateway Theory’ and the ‘slippery slope’ and ’cause vs. correlation’ logical fallacies.

    “(Because of evil reefers) My brother believed he was being followed by the CIA, so he lived underneath a freeway. When he wasn’t there, he was in jail.”

    “I am an Arizona parent whose child died by suicide following his addiction to marijuana, Cannabis Use Disorder. He left a note saying “My soul is already dead. Marijuana killed my soul + ruined my brain.”

    “The majority of people who now enter drug treatment centers are addicted to marijuana.”

    “Don’t be fooled. “Not my parents pot! “The marijuana of the 70’s is not the same today.”

    And the great Prohibitionist Ed Gogek:

    “Proposition XXX or what is known as the “Smart and Safe Arizona Act” is a great way to generate profits for the Big Marijuana industry, their people and the Mexican Cartels

    I guess I shouldn’t be surprised that cops, prosecutors, psychiatrists and ‘addiction professionals’ support Prohibition, as they all profit immensely from it. I am (slightly) surprised that policymakers actually believe this tripe and, considering that alcohol kills more than 100,000 Americans each year and is advertised on TV, that these Prohibitionists aren’t working to ban alcohol for the children. Probably next on their list.

    1. Only losers smoke pot and/or drink. It’s too easy to hide alcohol, which is why Prohibition failed. Pot stinks and is not easy to hide. If you hate losers, you will support continued criminalization of the stinky drug.

    2. Which is why cannabis legalization needs to win, especially in AZ, MT, and SD.

      Three more conservative states legalizing cannabis will weaken conservatives who prohibitionists even further. Legalization particularly in a conservative state like Arizona, that has a large population, will start turning Republicans on the national level toward a pro-cannabis reform position.

  8. States never legalize anything pleasurable that they can’t tax and regulate the fun out of.

Please to post comments

Comments are closed.