New NTSB Report Highlights Useless, Premature Regulatory Push After East Palestine Derailment
Plus: Ex-felons and the right to vote, Gavin Newsom's plan to cap oil company profits collides with reality, and more...
The latest report from safety officials investigating the freight train derailment in East Palestine, Ohio, shows that the left and right's post-accident regulatory proposals likely would have done nothing to prevent the crash. A preliminary report issued by the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) on Thursday suggests a mechanical issue with an overheated wheel bearing was to blame for the accident.
The report says that track sensors detected a wheel bearing on the Norfolk Southern train was heating up rapidly as it traveled through eastern Ohio. When a sensor alerted the crew that the bearing's temperature hit 253 degrees above the ambient temperature, they brought the train to a halt to inspect the problem.
During their braking procedure, the train's automatic brakes were triggered—which likely meant the train had already derailed by the time the crew was bringing it to a stop.
This is just a preliminary report. It doesn't identify what caused the train's wheel bearing to overheat in the first place. But it does suggest that most of the post-accident commentary has been disconnected from the actual causes of the accident.
Prior to the release of the NTSB report, the White House and the media have been eager to pin the cause of the disaster on various deregulatory moves made by the Trump administration.
In particular, they've pointed to the Trump administration's revocation of an Obama-era rule that would have required Electronically Controlled Pneumatic (ECP) brakes on all trains carrying exclusively high-flammable cargo.
The revocation of that rule wasn't just an initiative of the Trump administration, however. The 2015 FAST Act required the administration to perform a cost-benefit analysis of requiring ECP brakes, and not go forward with the mandate if it didn't pass that cost-benefit analysis. A congressional watchdog report in 2016 found that the Obama administration had implemented its ECP mandate without doing a thorough enough analysis of the technology's costs and performance.
That's all kind of beside the point, however. Even if the ECP rule had been in place, it wouldn't have applied to the train that derailed in East Palestine. That train was carrying mixed cargo without enough high-flammable cargo-containing cars to trigger the old ECP rule.
On February 16, NTSB director Jennifer Homendy said people blaming the accident on the repeal of the ECP rule were spreading "misinformation."
The ECP braking rule would've applied ONLY to HIGH HAZARD FLAMMABLE TRAINS. The train that derailed in East Palestine was a MIXED FREIGHT TRAIN containing only 3 placarded Class 3 flammable liquids cars. pic.twitter.com/ReAFDSdsn7
— Jennifer Homendy (@JenniferHomendy) February 17, 2023
That hasn't stopped the White House from citing the repeal of the ECP rule to USA Today on February 22 as an example of Republicans' efforts to undermine rail safety.
On the right, Sens. Marco Rubio (R–Fla.) and J.D. Vance (R–Ohio) sent a letter to Department of Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg demanding he investigate railroads' use of precision-scheduled railroading (PSR).
Rubio and Vance hone in on PSR's alleged reduction in the number of railroad workers per train for harming safety, writing "it is not unreasonable to ask whether a crew of two rail workers, plus one trainee, is able to effectively monitor 150 cars."
This earned the two senators a glowing write-up in The American Conservative, which said their letter was a sign of "serious populism."
PSR is a nebulous term for a lot of different practices railroads have adopted to use their assets more efficiently, says Marc Scribner, a senior transportation policy analyst with Reason Foundation (the nonprofit that publishes this website). "It's kind of a boogeyman that's a stand-in for everything [people] don't like about the railroads."
Scribner says that PSR is getting a lot of blame for a drop in railroad workers that was in fact caused by layoffs and early retirements during the chaos of the pandemic. And given that the East Palestine derailment appears to have been caused by a mechanical failure of a wheel bearing, it's not clear at all that more workers per train would have prevented it.
In response to Rubio's criticism, Buttigieg accused the senator of hypocrisy because he supported greater use of automated track safety inspections.
The facts don't lie. The 2021 letter you signed was obviously drafted by railroad industry lobbyists.
It supports waivers that would reduce visual track inspections.
Now: will you vote to help us toughen rail safety accountability and fines, or not? https://t.co/o5MGvbEZbA
— Secretary Pete Buttigieg (@SecretaryPete) February 21, 2023
Federal rules require human-performed visual track inspections. In the past few years, the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) has allowed a number of railroads to conduct pilot programs whereby the railroads reduced the number of human-performed inspections and increased the number of automated inspections.
Those pilot programs proved successful in that the automated inspections found more defects than visual human inspections, says Scribner. The hope of these programs was that they would free up visual inspectors to examine signals and other track components that can't be inspected by automated technology. Doing that should improve safety.
But Biden's FRA killed these pilot programs. In 2021, Rubio and 22 other senators signed a letter asking that these pilot programs be continued. They weren't.
Buttigieg bringing that up as an example of Republican safety regulation slashing is disingenuous. It's particularly egregious given that there's been no indication thus far that track defects (that these inspections, human or automated, would detect) had anything to do with the East Palestine derailment.
That so much of this mudslinging happened prior to the preliminary NTSB report on the accident is telling. It shows that most of the finger-pointing and regulatory gotchas happening right now are more about political point scoring than safety.
That's certainly unseemly. If it leads to a bunch of ill-considered regulations being applied to freight rail companies, it could be quite costly too.
Should ex-felons have the right to vote? Bloomberg's Jonathan Bernstein says yes:
In practice, the policy of restricting felons from voting is irrational. Former felons retain other political rights. They are entitled to freedom of speech. They can electioneer on behalf of a candidate. They can donate money. It makes no sense to allow these democratic freedoms while denying them the right to vote.
Read the whole thing here.
California Gov. Gavin Newsom's plan to cap oil company profits is running headlong into reality. The governor's proposal got a skeptical treatment at its first public hearing before a California Senate committee. Reports Politico:
Sen. Steve Bradford (D-Gardena), the committee's chair, summed up a fear held by others on the committee as they paged through charts and documents and listened to detailed explanations for prices that are typically among the highest in the nation."In our pursuit to address gasoline prices, we must ensure our actions that we take first [do] no harm to consumers," Bradford said.
"There is clearly a belief out there among many people that oil companies were profiting off the backs of Californians," said Sen. Dave Min (D-Irvine). "At the same time, we don't really have a smoking gun as far as I can see, that shows intentional collusion."
Read Reason's Steven Greenhut on Newsom's various schemes to increase energy costs for Californians.
• A new study from Australian seismologists finds that Earth's core has five layers to it, not the four that had previously been assumed. Researchers at Australia National University have found "new evidence of a 400-mile thick solid metallic ball at the center of Earth's inner core," reports The Washington Post.
• Entertainment company Warner Bros. Discovery is plotting to make several more Lord of the Rings movies that will explore more stories within the universe created by J.R.R. Tolkien.
• Russia's invasion of Ukraine turns one year old today. Reason's J.D. Tuccille warns about the potential for the conflict to go global.
• Rep. Marjorie Taylor Greene (R–Ga.) says she plans to introduce a resolution calling for an audit of U.S. aid to Ukraine. Congress has approved $113 billion in military and nonmilitary aid to the country thus far.
• A new study finds that people harbor fewer discriminatory feelings toward Asian Americans if they're overweight.
People have fewer discriminatory feelings against overweight Asian Americans, because they see them as "real Americans".https://t.co/quW1UyDZUW pic.twitter.com/BxQuHA9vNP
— Nicholas says, NGDP Targeting Now! ????️???????????????? (@captgouda24) February 23, 2023