Prisons

How Parents in Prison Lose Their Kids Because They Can't Afford to Call Home

|

Earlier this year, Federal Communications Commission (FCC) declared "the era of unreasonable and unjust" prison phone call costs over.

The declaration came after the regulatory body's new rate caps went into effect for interstate phone calls made from federal, state, and local correctional facilities. 

So, why are prison phone calls so expensive?

Well, according to a survey of prison phone contracts by Prison Legal News, it's because contracts go to the highest bidder—not the lowest.

An exhaustive analysis of prison phone contracts nationwide has revealed that with only limited exceptions, telephone service providers offer lucrative kickbacks (politely termed "commissions") to state contracting agencies – amounting on average to 42% of gross revenues from prisoners'phone calls – in order to obtain exclusive, monopolistic contracts for prison phone services….

This is because prison phone companies don't "compete" in the usual sense. They don't have to offer lower phone rates to match those of their competitors, as prison phone contracts typically are based on the highest commission paid, not the lowest phone rates. Free market competition is thus largely absent in the prison phone industry, at least from the perspective of the consumer – mainly prisoners' families.

While the FCC has imposed price caps on interstate prison calls, it is still mulling over what it can do to reform how states' price their local prison phone calls.

Last month MEY Legal Services, "a non-profit law firm that provides free civil legal assistance to New York City's poorest communities," sent a letter to the FCC about how the high cost of prison visits and phone calls not only provide a hardship to poorer families but—due to some state laws—can result in the termination of parental rights.

Under New York law, "a parent who fails to visit or communicate with his or her child or designated caregiver for six months is deemed to have forfeited his or her parental rights," according to the letter. That obligation does not change when a parent is sent to prison and, in fact, incarcerated parents "bear the burden of convincing a judge that they were unable to communicate with their children or provide financial assistance while in prison."

This pertains mostly to parents in prison for non-violent offences, as generally someone convicted of a violent crime will immediately lose their parental rights.

The number of parents in prison has also increased at disturbing rate; the U.S. has the highest incarceration rate in the world. (You can thank the war on drugs for that.)

Since 1991, the number of children with a mother in prison has more than doubled, up 131%. The number of children with a father in prison has grown by 77%. This finding reflects a faster rate of growth in the number of mothers held in state and federal prisons (up 122%), compared to the number of fathers (up 76%) between 1991 and midyear 2007.

Losing a parent to the prison system can be devastating to a child but maintaining family contact during a parent's incarceration can be beneficial for both parties. 

Crony capitalism and bad laws shouldn't make it so that the high price of a simple phone call winds up costing a parent their child.

NEXT: FAA Bans US Flights over Iraq

Editor's Note: We invite comments and request that they be civil and on-topic. We do not moderate or assume any responsibility for comments, which are owned by the readers who post them. Comments do not represent the views of Reason.com or Reason Foundation. We reserve the right to delete any comment for any reason at any time. Report abuses.

  1. Well I never would have believed it had anything to do with cronyism.

    But I have a solution. How about we stop throwing people into the dungeons for victimless crimes and pretend like it’s not still the dark ages?

    1. You’re in the metro DC area, right? Meetup today in NoVA, in case you’re free.

  2. See, this is another incentive not to commit crime. Cause crime DOES NOT PAY.

    So, if you’ve done nothing wrong, you’re OK – and if you do, you’re going to pay for it.

    Seems fair.

    /Average Ameritard?

    1. I like that word, Ameritard, I think I’m gonna use it. I hope we don’t get into a trademark war over my ‘limiited’ usage.

  3. “Dial 1010-THEBITCHSETMEUP.”

    While the FCC has imposed price caps on interstate prison calls, it is still mulling over what it can do to reform how states’ price their local prison phone calls.

    And when a state does do the decent thing and charges market prices, they’ll be hailed for their brave prison reforms.

  4. I have a relative in a Kentucky prison. When I first set it up so he could call his mother, the rates were horrific – 20 or 30 bucks for 15 minute call. I don’t know what changed, but now the rates are pretty normal: a 15 minute call is less than 5 bucks and I have companies calling me trying to undercut even that.
    EVERYTHING he buys in there is ridiculously overpriced and you can only send him stuff from a small list of approved vendors. I wanted to send him my old magazines but he can only receive magazines directly from the publisher. I assume somebody is getting kickbacks. At least I can send him books from Amazon. By the way, he’s probably innocent of what he’s in there for, but he’s gotten away with a LOT of illegal shit his whole life, so…karma’s a bitch.

  5. What could possibly go wrong with cutting people in prison off from every possible stabilising influence that might exist in their lives?

Please to post comments

Comments are closed.