Police Abuse

Police Reform Spotlight Shines on the Local Level

Some argue the election will send reform back to where it really belongs: the local level.

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The presidential campaign focused some attention on the long-simmering debate over policing and the appropriate uses of force, but as is typical with national campaigns, the nuances got lost amid ideologically charged soundbites such as "law and order" and "Black Lives Matter."

Some advocates for police reform worry about what a new Trump administration will mean for these discussions given the president-elect's expectedly different approach toward the matter than President Obama's Department of Justice. But others argue the election will send reform back to where it really belongs: at the local level.

Two northern California cities, Sacramento and San Francisco, are good examples of the latter. They are currently plowing ahead with major oversight and accountability proposals for their police departments—the result of local policing scandals that have little to do with national political changes. Sacramento takes up the matter at a city council meeting on Tuesday.

The Sacramento reforms were prompted by a video of two police officers in pursuit of a mentally ill homeless man, Joseph Mann, who was armed with a knife and acting erratically. As the Sacramento Bee reported, the video sequence shows "the officers gunned their vehicle toward Mann, backed up, turned and then drove toward him again, based on dash-cam video released by police. They stopped the car, ran toward Mann on foot and shot him 14 times." One officer is recorded saying "f— this guy" shortly before they shot him.

The killing raised questions not only about the appropriate use of force in such situations, but about the city's willingness to provide the public information about what transpired. Top city officials—the police chief, city attorney and city manager—didn't release the video of the event until after the Bee acquired the footage from a private citizen. The shooting led to community protests and has been a source of strife—and council debate—ever since.

In September, the newspaper's editorial board published this pointed editorial: "The city could have been upfront with Mann's family about how many times he was shot and how long the investigation into the shooting would take. Instead, his brother, backed by enough activists to fill City Hall, had go before the City Council to beg for information. The city could have been clear about what training officers receive to handle people who are mentally ill. Instead, police still haven't responded to a Public Records Act request for a copy of the department's policy."

Reformers argue that the proposed policy doesn't go far enough, although backers argue that it is about as far as it can go given state law. Specifically, the measure would transfer power of the civilian oversight committee from the city manager's office to the mayor and City Council—thus providing a more independent level of oversight given that the city manager also oversees the police department. Council members are at least beholden to voters.

The city's proposal also does the following: "This resolution requires the city manager to ensure that all police officers of the Sacramento Police Department abide by council specified guidelines with regards to use of force. Key components of the resolution include the timely release of video after an officer involved incident occurs and the immediate notification of family members after an officer involved shooting." That attempts to deal with the public-records issue.

Civilian-oversight commissions are still limited by the state Supreme Court's Copley decision. In that 2006 case, the San Diego Union-Tribune tried to gain access to a disciplinary hearing regarding a deputy sheriff who was appealing his termination. As the newspaper reported, "The court ruled that police disciplinary hearings are closed — and the public has no right to learn about allegations of police misconduct, even when they are aired in a civil service commission." Legislative efforts to roll back parts of the decision have repeatedly been stymied by police union lobbying.

In San Francisco, officials have been reacting to controversy following three officer-involved shootings and a scandal involving racist text messages that were allegedly sent by police officers. As the San Francisco Chronicle reported in April, "The messages are loaded with slurs and ugly stereotypes, and include one from an officer responding to a photo of a blackened Thanksgiving turkey. 'Is that a Ferguson turkey?' the officer asks, referring to the city in Missouri that saw widespread protests after police fatally shot an unarmed African American man in 2014."

National politics plays a bigger role in the San Francisco case. That's because the federal Department of Justice's Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) office published a study last month looking at San Francisco's police department. The mayor and former police chief had asked the department to review police practices following these scandals.

As the report's summary explained, "Although the COPS Office found a department that is committed to making changes and working with the community, it also found a department with outdated use of force policies that fail the officers and the community and inadequate data collection that prevents leadership from understanding officer activities and ensure organizational accountability. The department lacked accountability measures to ensure that the department is being open and transparent while holding officers accountable."

San Francisco officials have vowed to implement the 479 recommendations made in the Justice Department report. "We will continue to implement the recommendations for reform which will be built on the most current policing policies and practices, fostering an environment of trust and strong relationships with our communities," said acting Police Chief Toney Chaplin.

In Sacramento, Mayor-elect Darrell Steinberg, who is inaugurated on Dec. 13, told the Bee "the public certainly has a right to know whether a particular officer who has been accused of misconduct continues to serve in the role of police officer. … There ought to be a clear presumption of openness and the burden ought to be on the city attorney and police to demonstrate in a compelling way why anything is not public." There's concern that a federal lawsuit by Mann's relatives will allow the city to shut down public access to information about the shooting.

This much is clear: Whatever changes a new administration makes at the Department of Justice, local officials throughout California are on the front lines of the police-reform movement.

NEXT: Trump to Nominate Gen. James Mattis Secretary of Defense

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  1. The incoming Trump administration could make police reform more difficult. But it could also place the focus on the local level.

    As long as it does something. God forbid somebody farts and it ain’t a federal fucking issue, that might create the misperception that some things are not properly subject to the jurisdiction of the federal government. Like the local police, the local schools, the local government.

    Speaking of which, my coffee isn’t quite hot enough this morning. Which federal agency’s in charge of that issue, who do I file a complaint with, when’s my cold coffee relief check gonna get here? How much suffering am I expected to endure before somebody does something about this horrific tragedy?

    1. caffeine, so, FDA. decaf, then, USDA.

      1. They’re already so overworked with the pixie sticks and the organic foods that are somehow not organic. I thing we need a new agency headed by someone important’s relative.

  2. The solution to all of the countries problems is another national conversation about how all white people are racists. Once every white person apologizes, grovels, and admits that they’re all pieces of shit, then we’ll have utopia. – outgoing administration.

  3. I agree that change can and should take place at a local level starting with a mass reduction in the number of cops. Change also needs to take place at a federal level and like it or not, that’s where a lot of local cops take their que. Under Clinton, we saw federal LEAs go completely rough and beginning to look more like occupying forces and military spec op teams than civilian police (“coincidently” at the same time the push for gun control started). Clinton also provided money for 100,000 new local cops (for 50 states!). We also have the military surplus program as well.

    1. Just those things alone were bound to create problems. Not to mention the training that escalates every encounter, the WODs (again led by the feds, with tons of money going to local LEAs) which creates most of these encounters, the lack of training on dealing with the menrally ill, the population pool of the kind of people who want to be cops, the lack of accountability (which again starts from the very top, including the AG and the people who make the laws), etc etc.

      1. Concerning accountability, the score needs to go beyond the LEAs and encompass the entire justice system. Court systems encompass a cozy relationship between prosecutors and cops and quite often judges as well. There is no way AGs and prosecuted are not going to give deference to the police. I’m not saying that the police don’t often deserve the benefit of the doubt, just that there needs to be some independent process outside of that incestuous system to evaluate use of force in these cases.

  4. “…it also found a department with outdated use of force policies that fail the officers and the community …”

    Dirty Harry said he was quite comfortable with current policies and did not feel restrained in any way with his magnum revolver. So much so that he does not bother to count his shots.

    “…fail the officers…” Cops are the biggest bunch of complaining bitches on the planet. If something is failing them they will lobby and lie until they get what they want. BS

  5. “…local officials throughout California are on the front lines of the police-reform movement.”

    More studies and reviews. Oh, yeah. Local officials are all over it. Show me the money, mother fuckers.

  6. I’m not sure if this is the case with the Police, but my son-in-law is in the NYFD. He was saying how they had to LOWER the standards for acceptance because people who Liberals put into a “protected class” were not able to pass the test. And the latest was the news that they’re going to (or thinking about it) accept released criminals now.

    I sure hope the Police don’t lower their standards if we ever expect professional and quality behavior from our folks in blue.

    1. Multiculturalism has a price and you’re a racist if you are not willing to pay it.

      “I sure hope the Police don’t lower their standards if we ever expect professional and quality behavior from our folks in blue.”

      Hahaha They already have. Your anecdotal train is a little slow.

      1. I guess I could come back and say your sarcasm meter is also a little off…. but I truly am unaware of what the Police hiring policy is lately. I don’t have any family in the PD and have no need to interact with police. At least until I’ve had to open my entire life up to the Sheriff and NC state in order to exercise a God given right.

        Have a great weekend, Sir.

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