France

Surveillance Envy Drives France to Intrusive Law of Its Own

Actually, the French government has been snoopy as hell for a long time

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Deutsche Fotothek

Never a people to let Americans one-up them on anything, French lawmakers are considering a Patriot Act-ish bill that one civil liberties group describes as "a naked expansion of surveillance powers." The measure, which already has preliminary approval, would justify snooping on a variety of grounds far beyond the anti-terrorism concerns driving much of the country's political activity in the wake of the Charlie Hebdo massacre. Besides security, the proposed Projet de Loi Relatif au Renseignement allows for deep government intrusions into online life to achieve economic, scientific, and international relations goals.

According to Privacy International:

Possibly the most concerning aspect of the Bill is the provisions empowering the intelligence services to request that ISPs place mass monitoring technologies on all of their networks. The equipment will allow them to collect the traffic of all internet users and to then search for patterns, defined by the Government, intended to reveal terrorist threats. However, no details are provided as to what would define a "terrorist-like" pattern. The technology will thus browse through the traffic looking for elements such as individuals' visits to certain websites, purchases of particular products or their travel plans. Once the technology identifies what might be a terrorist threat, the law allows for the information collected to be deanonymized for further investigation by intelligence services. The deployment of such technology enables the French government to conduct mass surveillance and mass storage of personal data, a clearly disproportionate incursion into the privacy of all French internet users. Furthermore, representatives from the ISP industry have already started expressing their concerns that such an infrastructure – if it was to be constantly running – would greatly reduce the speed of the internet in France.

As is often the case with these laws, the bill allows for surveillance creep beyond specific targets, to acquaintances who may have nothing to do with any alleged transgressions, terroristic, economic, or otherwise.

The bill "in fact uses law to clothe a naked expansion of surveillance powers," comments Dinah PoKempner, Human Rights Watch general counsel. She notes that the broad surveillance justifications included in the bill aren't traditionally recognized around the world (in countries that care about such thing) as legitimate reasons for curbing human rights. "France can do much better than this, especially if it wants to distance itself from the overreaching and secretive mass surveillance practices of the US and the UK that have attracted so many legal challenges."

Actually, this is nothing new for France. When, courtesy of Edward Snowden, the NSA was caught pawing through the world's virtual sock drawers, the spook agency's former general counsel, Stewart Baker, pointed to the European example and essentially said, "but they're worse!"

"According to the Max Planck Institute, you're 100 times more likely to be surveilled by your own government if you live in the Netherlands or you live in Italy," Baker said. "You're 30 to 50 times more likely to be surveilled if you're a French or a German national than in the United States."

Well, that's all right then. And France is poised to make the NSA look that much less bad-ish.

Today, while announcing his presidential campaign, Sen Rand Paul (R-Ky.) promised to curb NSA spying on American citizens. Maybe a French politician or two can take that as a goal to one-up.

NEXT: Oops. Robotized Copyright Claims Yank Rand Paul's Announcement from YouTube

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  1. Socialists gonna socialize.

  2. Possibly the most concerning aspect of the Bill is the provisions empowering the intelligence services to request that ISPs place mass monitoring technologies on all of their networks. The equipment will allow them to collect the traffic of all internet users and to then search for patterns, defined by the Government, intended to reveal terrorist threats.

    This side of the pond, we just call it Title II.

  3. Anyone know why Stewart Baker is on Volokh? I can’t figure out how he fits in.

    Orin Kerr is a tool too, but his main quirk is just liking to quibble about pins on an angel and ignore the bigger picture of simple liberty.

  4. Well, it should her acknowledged that France has a much greater reason for domestic surveillance, having a huge Muslim population. Not that that fact excuses their law, but it explains it.

    I suspect that it’s a similar politically-correct evasion, in the way the TSA and NSA programs here have been. Nobody wants to say “the terror problem comes from Muslims, so we’ll just surveil them.” No, to be fair and non-discriminatory, we have to surveil everyone equally, in case Grandma Sally from Dubuque or Beno?t from Brittany decide to hijack a plane.

    1. This should go well. France is so fascistically devoted to diversity and inclusion that I’m sure all of the sullen, unemployed Muslims they hire to work in this surveillance bureaucracy will be totally effective at spying on their friends, neighbors, and fellow Allah-bothering malcontents. Just like the police were really effective at preventing the escape of the Charlie Hebdo killers.

      1. Good point. The number one goal of ISIS sympathizers will be to get employed on the surveillance teams.

      2. “fascistically devoted to diversity”

        Are you seriously conflating a governments decision to *not* disrupt freedom of movement based on religion or ethnicity with fascism? Perhaps you misspook, because such a ridiculous claim would make you sound like a complete jackass.

  5. This isn’t the only thing they’re doing. Never let a tragedy go to waste

    Recently, France decided to crack down on those people who make cash payments and withdrawals and who hold small bank accounts. The reason given was, not surprisingly, to “fight terrorism,”
    ……
    And so, in future, people in France will not be allowed to make cash payments exceeding ?1,000 (down from ?3,000). Additionally, cash deposits and withdrawals totaling more than ?10,000 per month will be reported to Tracfin?an anti-fraud and money laundering agency.

    Currency exchange will also be further restricted. Anyone changing over ?1,000 to another currency (down from ?8,000) will be required to show an identity card.

    Do you need to make a deposit on a car? That might be suspect. Did you just deposit a dividend you received? It might be a payment from a terrorist organisation. Planning a holiday and need some cash? You might need to be investigated for terrorism.

    And France is not alone. In the US, federal law requires banks to file a “suspicious activity report” (SAR) on their customers whenever a customer requests a suspicious transaction. (In 2013, 1.6 million SAR’s were submitted.)

    (the article lists transaction restrictions in other countries as well)

  6. I suspect that the extent of a country’s surveillance scales with the country’s ability to conduct surveillance. The US government should remain a greater threat to its citizens than will the government of France: http://worldcrass.com/2015/05/…..or-the-us/

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