Sex Work

How Internet Activism Helps Sex Workers

Marginalized groups seek justice, community, and self-help online.

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Reading online about being online, you can start to wonder why anyone wants to be online. Think pieces about social media and online interactions often focus on issues of sexism, abuse, bullying, and toxicity, painting a collective picture of the Internet as a virtual Hobbesian nightmare of all against all, sprinkled with bytes red in claw and tooth.

The Internet, like the world outside the Internet, can certainly be awful. But it can also have a positive role in building community and facilitating activism, especially for groups who have traditionally been marginalized. Sex workers, for example, have used the Internet and social media to connect, to organize, and to help each other in difficult times.

The murder of two young women recently shows how important access to that kind of community can be. Tjhisha Ball, 18, and Angelia Magnum, 19, were found murdered last week in Duval County, Florida. The two women were black, and they worked as strippers—facts which, as Jamilah Lemieux wrote at Ebony, makes it easy for the public and the media to dismiss their fate as irrelevant or uninteresting. "We shouldn't need for them to have been 'good girls'—or White girls, or, perhaps good White girls—for this to be cause for national concern," Lemieux observed.

Whether the nation is concerned or not, Peechington Marie was. Marie is a former sex worker who is very active online, and committed to the sex worker community. When she saw Lemieux's story warning that the murders would be ignored, she was determined, as she said on Twitter, "to make sure that isn't the case here with these babies." She contacted the Jacksonville sheriffs department, the church performing Tjhish's funeral service, and the funeral home, and learned that the family had no money for the services. So in consultation with the funeral home, she set up an online fundraising campaign to raise $17,000 to cover the costs, so the women could be buried with dignity and without bankrupting their families. Marie and sex workers online have been promoting the campaign, and it's been picked up by a number of media sources, including Lemieux (who updated her original post), and The Root. As of this writing, the campaign has raised more than $7500; it runs through October 23rd.

When I spoke to Marie, she emphasized that sex workers had "always been a community-centric sort of thing. We've always survived on the acceptance of each other, because nobody else accepts sex workers." But she said, as with other groups and other causes, sex workers have found that online tools can help greatly with organizing and fund-raising. Marie added, "I am in love with Twitter and in love with tumblr, because isolation really is a part of  this business".

Melisandre (@MeliMachiavelli), an administrator at the sex worker collective Everyday Whorephobia (to which Marie also belongs) agreed. "Sex work is an isolating profession because of stigma and whorephobia itself. Most people make derogatory comments about exotic dancers, escorts, phone sex operators without even realizing it." In response, Everyday Whorephobia has been focused on using social media, especially Twitter, to try to raise awareness of, and reduce stigma against, sex workers. "The speed that people can reach one another and discuss virtually anything allows us to really talk with people about something that is still seem as taboo and unclean by mainstream society," Melisandra said. She added that Twitter allows for anonymity; Everyday Whorephobia often invites guests to tweet through its account. The anonymity is important given that many kinds of sex work are illegal, and that workers often aren't out to family and friends. "You can't go around openly saying I break the law to pay the rent," Marie said. "Being able to be secure in knowing you're not going to be out, and you can still talk about what's happening, it's a big deal."

Much of Everyday Whorephobia's work on Twitter involves hashtag activism (#StigmaKills is one recent example.) Sneering at hashtag activism is a popular online sport in some circles. Arielle Pardis takes a typical line at Vice, for example, when she asserts that hashtag activism means that "instead of actually doing something, you can just pretend like you're doing something by posting things all over your Facebook." Audacia Ray, on the other hand, director of the peer-led sex work advocacy Red Umbrella Project, told me that offline activism and online activism are complementary, not opposed. "Although the way advocacy and law change typically works is through doing local focused, place specific activism," she said, "I think that particularly for communities that are stigmatized, discriminated against, or whose work is illegal, it's really important to have the Internet as the space to do that work. So there's a really high value to hashtag activism." RedUP uses the Internet and social media as well, mostly for calls to action which focus on fundraising campaigns like the one Marie has set up, or lobbying officials to ban the use of condoms as evidence of prostitution.

One issue often raised with online activism, and especially with online activism by sex workers, is that the people who most need help, or who most require community support, may not have the money or the funds to be online. Trisha Baptie, the founder of EVE (Exploited Voices Now Educating) and a survivor of prostitution, argues that "Twitter simply isn't accessible to everyone and it happens that the people it is not accessible to are some are the most marginalized. There are a whole lot of people missing from that conversation." That's an important point—but at the same time, Marie's campaign for Tjhisha Ball and Angelia Magnum also shows that even people who are not online, or who are unfamiliar with social media, can benefit from online community. Marie said that the people she's talked to in Florida have "been totally unfamiliar with Twitter and social media and crowd-funding. You can hear the blank drawn when you say 'crowd-funding.'" By the same token, Marie wouldn't have known on her own what or how much the families needed. Part of the benefit of community is that you don't need to know everything, or have access to every resource yourself: Folks can help each other. And one of the ways the sex work community helps each other is by organizing online.

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  1. “Marginalized groups seek justice, community, and self-help online.”

    Uh, like those who hold certain poli/econ views?

  2. Dammit, now i can’t refer to SJWs as “Social Justice Whores”

  3. Millenial Protestors Unite! CHALLENGE AUTHORITY!!! CONFRONT THE MAN AND…

    …uh, dude, is your charger working…. i’m totally going to tweet The Man into acknowledging our fundamental rights and stuff…

  4. I’m glad that these sex workers have found a safe space on the internet to communicate and organize. I appreciate that they can look out for each other. But they really need to get the message out to law enforcement and the modern Puritans which are mislabeling prostitution as sexual slavery or human trafficking. Sex work is going to remain taboo as long as pimps are treated as kidnappers/slave holders, prostitutes are considered victims/chattel, and patrons face ever increasing penalties for perpetuating kidnapping/slavery.

    1. The War on Sex locks the lonely dick out of the free market vagina.

      The lonely dick is hated by the feminist and the free market vagina is hated by the moralist.

      Between these two spiteful camps lie no measure of intelligence that can adequately address an ethical route to discrete and lawful free market sexuality.

      This is why any fight for sex worker rights can never ever orient from feminist groups saving whores from those ‘despicable Johns’ or religious groups teaching prostitutes about Jesus and Mary and proper propriety.

      1. There are lots of pro-sex feminists. Many of them are sex-workers.

        1. I realize that but pro-sex feminists are not nearly as common as their neg-sex or harshly-critical-of-sex counterparts. To this day I don’t get why pro-sex ‘feminism’ even exists when one considers the antagonistic roots of early feminism which derided maleness in general even as it properly assailed a prevailing system that held women in low regard.

          How a system of thought built on actively despising testosterone can assist those who are hired by male testosterone is beyond me.

    2. If you’ll read the piece, you’ll see Audacia Ray and the Red Umbrella Project do on the ground activism against policing, and have been successful in rolling back some of the worst NYPD abuses (they’ve managed to get the NYPD to stop using condom possession as evidence of prostitution for many charges.) Ray talks in the piece about how they use the internet for their work, and why she feels that twitter activism is complementary to the kinds of projects you’re advocating.

  5. What’s with the PC terminology? What’s wrong with “prostitute?”

    1. First of all, it’s inaccurate. Sex workers include strippers, phone sex operators,and lots of other professions; it’s not just folks who work as escorts or prostitutes. Second, sex worker is the term that sex workers prefer, by and large. It’s a marginalized, stigmatized group; if you don’t want to stigmatize them further, you should be willing to allow them to define themselves.

      1. Do prostitutes really care one way or the other? In any case, yes, I want prostitutes to be stigmatized, even though I also think criminalization does more harm than good. There is a reason they are a stigmatized group. Nobody here would be very happy if their daughters or sisters were to become prostitutes.

        1. Yep, sex workers care. Again, these abstract questions have answer; you just need to ask folks.

          Again, I’d urge you to read more on these issues rather than just relying on received prejudices. It’s not true that everybody thinks sex work is a horrible profession…and even to the extent it is true, a big part of that is that it’s dangerous, and a big part of why it’s dangerous is that it’s stigmatized.

          The stigmatization of prostitutes and marginalized groups in general is a big part of how the police system justifies itself and its excesses. If you don’t like the police state, you should be questioning those prejudices, not cosigning them.

          1. Probably 99% of middle class people would object to members of their family becoming prostitutes.(Of course there is a large portion of those who would see nothing wrong with other people’s family members becoming prostitutes)

            The stigmatization of prostitutes and marginalized groups in general is a big part of how the police system justifies itself and its excesses.

            I’m not a leftist so these kinds of arguments(The nazis opposed X, so if you also oppose X, you are a supporter of nazism!), do not appeal to me.

            1. Probably 99% of middle class people would object to members of their family becoming prostitutes.

              Who.The.Fuck.Cares? A whore is a human being- she doesn’t need to be treated like a subhuman because 99% of people cannot understand free market sex.

              1. A whore is a human being

                So What? That’s my response to a lot of leftist cliches. A thief is a human being. A public school teacher(the Root of All Evil according to some people here) is a human being. A “mentally disabled” person is a human being. But so what? Does that make them interchangeable with everyone else?

                1. Does that make them interchangeable with everyone else?

                  You mean retards should be treated with less dignity than teachers? Or prisons can do anything they want with thieves? Or cops can treat whores with abusive disregard?

                  1. I don’t think cops should treat whores with abusing disregard, no.

          2. Disinterest. It’s a powerful tool. I don’t have to stigmatize it nor do I have to research it and use politically correct speech. I simply have no interest in what other people do or what is being exchanged between them, without Force or Fraud. If I’m in the business of re-sculpting incorrect – but broad based – opinions, I will start with our insane fiscal, economic, and monetary policies. I have a lot more interest in the disease of socialism than a john or prostitute giving/getting an STD, or the feelings of a “sex worker” in general.

            But it stands that there are cultural paradigms and exchanging bodily fluids is a strong vector for disease. I would not want a loved one of mine involved in activities. The reality IS they will be judged by others whose interests are questionable but still whose judgement is their own right to have, and I wouldn’t want my loved one(s) exposing themselves to disease any more than they have to.

      2. Also, Noah: “Sex-Worker-American”, please

        Preferred Nomenclature aside…

        As much as we’d love to create a new victim-class, this really isn’t about ‘strippers and phone-sex workers’, is it?

        I am all for Whore-Rights and decriminalization of prostitution. I do not think pussy-footing around with semantics is either interesting, informative, or does fuck-all other than to provide some kind of social-signaling that you’re one of the “Good Guys” with politically-correct opinions.

        the issue should be made plain: Decriminalize prostitution.

        Why should that need to be complicated?

        …which leads to another weird word-choice:

        “…a survivor of prostitution”

        I had no idea “prostitution” was a volcano-eruption that one ‘survived’. Just a second ago i was being told it was ‘sex-work’: like, “A Job”.

        So which is it? a mere profession that needs to be legally recognized, or a social scourge that, like a disease, people are somehow ‘victims’ of, and ‘survive’?

        1. I had no idea “prostitution” was a volcano-eruption that one ‘survived’. Just a second ago i was being told it was ‘sex-work’: like, “A Job”.

          Yeah, it’s not that hard for a rational person to see that if “sex workers” are so “marginalized” or “oppressed” they can easily change that by not being a sex worker anymore. But we have become used to the idea that the biggest whiners about how oppressed they are are usually not particularly oppressed.

          1. But we have become used to the idea that the biggest whiners about how oppressed they are are usually not particularly oppressed.

            But you just said above you WANT prostitutes to be stigmatized which is a form of oppression.

            So, is prostitution not stigmatized enough? Or, are you comfortable with its current level of stigmatization?

            1. “So, is prostitution not stigmatized enough? Or, are you comfortable with its current level of stigmatization?”

              I know you are not responding to me, but I think the point i made is being lost

              We want to call them “sex workers” because the goal is to help people understand that its just a ‘job’ and not a disease-like social-problem.

              yet Noah calls the person, “a survivor of prostitution

              …as though the person were a ‘victim’ of some larger forces that conspired to exploit them.

              Which is it? it seems like there’s a bit of rhetorical “have your cake-and-eat-it-too-ism” going on here.

              1. I understood your original point just fine, GILMORE- Ae missed it and I’m using it to advantage due to an earlier interaction above.

              2. I call her a survivor of prostitution because that seems to be the way she prefers to be identified. She’s an abolitionist. It’s a little awkward, but again, I prefer to try to identify marginalized people as they’d like to be identified, even if that means there’s some minor loss of consistency.

                I’d again urge you to read more on these issues, if you’re interested in them.

                1. “Noah Berlatsky|10.5.14 @ 3:34PM|#

                  I call her a survivor of prostitution because that seems to be the way she prefers to be identified”

                  That’s very nice of you.

                  By the way, I’d prefer you included the formal “Your Majesty” when responding to my comments directly.

                  That said = is the idea that if we all would just “read more”, that the desire for logical consistency would naturally fall by the wayside?

                  Because if “sex work” is simply a ‘profession people should be free to choose without stigma’, and consequently be socially normalized…

                  …it becomes difficult to appreciate how people freely choosing that ‘work’ are then to be described as ‘victims’

                  If you want to ‘normalize’ prostitution, then it needs to stop being described as a Social-Ill.

                  1. Sorry; I got you confused with another commenter. I don’t think that reading always changes people’s minds, but occasionally it can be helpful.

                    I think I agree with you for the most part. I wouldn’t describe prostitution as a social ill, though I think individuals who work as sex workers can face exploitation and violence and trafficking (which is the case for people in other professions as well.)

            2. I’m not a leftist so I don’t consider stigmatization to be a form of or the same thing as “oppression.” For example, I think people who unjustifiably rely on welfare ought to be stigmatized, but not oppressed.

              The point is that if prostitutes are so oppressed and it’s so horrible they can simply stop being prostitutes. They make a choice to “work” a high-paying “job” that has low social status.

              1. How do you separate stigmatization from oppression, exactly?

                Your discussion here and elsewhere on the thread demonstrates a really depressing ignorance. Many sex workers are not particularly well paid; in many cases they lack other employment opportunities, or don’t have any way to make enough money to (for example) feed kids, or put themselves through school.

                You simultaneously want to stigmatize them, but if they went on welfare, you would stigmatize them for that, right? (why aren’t they working when they could be?)

                Again, stigmatization leads pretty inevitably to policing. In practice, it’s virtually impossible for a society to stigmatize a group and resist using the power of the state to penalize them.

                1. Again, leftist argument that if we don’t see everybody as being interchangeable we are going to start stuffing them in gas chambers or something. It seems like a retarded argument to me.

                  Leftists think that they are being oppressed if I don’t approve of their behavior, that’s not how I define the word “oppression.”

                  1. There’s a difference between not approving of their behavior and advocating stigmatization. The latter suggests you think everyone should disapprove of their behavior, and that they should be subject to communal censure. In a nation state, communal censure generally means or leads to legal restrictions. Those are in turn often unjust when they are based on prejudice.

                    1. You think you’re saying something, but you really aren’t saying anything. If you do not like something such as prostitution for moral reasons, why would you not want others to disprove of it as well? Do you think yourself wrong?

                      Those are in turn often unjust when they are based on prejudice.

                      And how is it based on prejudice? If you think the distinction unjust!

                    2. You can think something is wrong for moral reasons, but not necessarily want people who disagree with you to be stigmatized. I think ignorant internet trolls like yourself are doing considerably more harm than sex workers, but I don’t want you to be stigmatized. People who use anonymity on the internet to fulminate confused opinions shouldn’t lost job opportunities; they shouldn’t be shunned (unless they actually break the law.) Stigmatization means that you think people should have opportunities taken away and they should be shunned, right? If there aren’t any consequences, it’s not stigma.

                      I’d not that you’re also insistently turning groups you don’t agree with (“leftists”) into monliths, presumably for the purpose of stigmatizing them and making blanket moral condemnations. That’s how policing works; you create identities and then you police the identities rather than actually responding to individual crimes or dangers. I’m very liberal myself, but I appreciate the way that libertarians in general reject that logic of incarceration.

                    3. You’re not that smart.

        2. Actually, strippers and phone sex workers face stigma too, and can be policed and targeted for violence.

          I tend to think that symbolic representations are important, especially when you’re talking about stigma (which is a symbolic representation, yes?) Also, I feel like politeness is a virtue in itself, all other things being equal. If folks prefer to use one name, I”m happy to do so in most cases (though no, I”m not calling you “your majesty”; there has to be a certain marginal level of good faith in these things.)

          1. re: “Sex-workers”= prostitutes, strippers, phone sex… etc?

            I think the distinction that is lost here is that = ‘prostitution’-sex-work is illegal and socially condemned to a degree these other things are not. Sure, strippers aren’t on “America’s Got Talent”. Boo Hoo for everyone.

            Creating a new grab-bag-category of ‘social victims’ (sex workers) which elides the most salient detail about one specific subset of them – that they are treated as *criminals* – isn’t even helpful to the ostensible purpose: the normalization of sex-work and the decriminalization of prostitution.

          2. *also, noting:

            While anti-royalist bias may be something you think fashionable in private conversation, waving it in the face of your betters is utterly lacking in any respect for social grace, and wholly unbecoming a gentleman; I was *born this way* you know, and had no say in the matter whatsoever, and the least you could do out of ‘common decency’* would be to at least make a ‘half-bow’ or even just offer a ‘my liege’ from time to time to indicate passive assent.

            (*though i admit: the more i find myself among them, decency does appear to be far from common)

  6. One issue often raised with online activism, and especially with online activism by sex workers, is that the people who most need help, or who most require community support, may not have the money or the funds to be online. Trisha Baptie, the founder of EVE (Exploited Voices Now Educating) and a survivor of prostitution, argues that “Twitter simply isn’t accessible to everyone and it happens that the people it is not accessible to are some are the most marginalized.

    It’s funny to see “libertarians” try to get in on the Oppressed Minority game. They’ve adopted the left’s terminology(the euphemism treadmill, “marginalized groups” “accessibility,” ect), and managed to make it even more pathetic. Seriously guys, Twitter, known by most as the voice of ghetto illiterates, is like a virtual country club.

    1. Heaven forbid that libertarians care about justice.

      1. If you mean “Justice” in the current ‘internet social justice warrior’-cliche sense…

        … uh, yes: heaven forbid that indeed.

        Because *that* particular flavor of bourgeois moral narcissism? Is the primary source of most of the egregiously awful things on the internet.

        I mean, do we really need to get into how many Reason writers have been called “rape apologists” (and MORE!) for daring to suggest that California’s ‘affirmative consent’ law was a horribly conceived thing?

        The SJW crowd has made clear that the main crusade is not to effect any ‘real-world’ changes to society so much as engage in a perpetual Kulturkampf/public crucifixion against anyone who engages in WRONGTHINK

        See: anything Gavin McInnes says

    2. Quit minimizing the concerns a few Libertarians have with how whores are treated under the law. You read like a despicable melonhead. I’d much rather have my kid becoming a thinking prostitute than a unsympathetic tool like yourself.

      1. Yeah this busy body Ae doesn’t realize that is it’s none of his fucking beeswax if a woman wants to use her bedroom skills to make a living. It’s pretty simple and doesn’t need the SJW rhetorical flourishes the author uses.

  7. Would real-life prostitutes even want to legalize prostitution? Think about it, if you are a drug dealer, would you want to legalize drugs?

    1. There are a lot of sex workers who are pro-decriminalization, actually. You don’t have to wonder in the abstract. They talk about it at some length, and explain why (in the first place, the criminalization of prostitution results in widespread abuse by law enforcement, including routine rape of sex workers by police officers). I’d suggest reading Melissa Gira Grant’s Playing the Whore as a good place to start.

    2. if you are a drug dealer, would you want to legalize drugs?

      Is this a serious question? Of course you would. Then, you could open up a shop and be (more or less) protected by the law rather than fucked by it.

      1. Is this a serious answer? You never know with these types.

        1. Yes it is a serious answer. Also from a law enforcement perspective black market activity is easier to manage when you have fewer black markets. In other words. It easier to track down child pornographers when you are not running around, trying to bust prostitutes, and johns.

  8. I doubt prostitution will ever be legalized. The main reason is that it represents a differentiation between the genders. Beta males pay women for sex.(Sometimes libertarians will point to the exceptions and yell “look the exception disproves the rule” but even then the exception still shows an uncomfortable pattern, the female customers are invariably old and/or fat) It induces the same anger at the Everyone Not Being Interchangeable that the feminist sees when she sees a stay at home mom or a man programming computers.

    1. You know it’s decriminalized in many places, right? New Zealand and Australia are two examples. And of course Las Vegas. So…odd to see you insist that it can never be legalized.

      1. He seems to have come here to show us the error of our libertarian ways. After his extreme insights, likely the whole lot of us commenters will happily embrace the socon way.

        Good luck with that AE.

      2. Not in Vegas, Noah, several rural Nevada counties have legal brothels, none in the few larger Nevada towns. Given the state involvement prices for activities on the black market are a lot less than in the legal houses.

    2. It’s legalized in 100 countries. Some more widespread than others. Brazil, Columbia, Germany and Switzerland for instance.

      So tell me. What will we you do if you don’t get your stigmatization goal?

      I bet you’ll resort to force. That whole beta language MRA bullshit is telling. But you know it’s good you’ll resort to force. That’s me a very lovely opportunity.

      1. Speaking of that king of language:

        https://reason.com/blog/2014/10…..nt_4812200

        You seem to expect me not to notice you’re trolling.

  9. “Sneering at hashtag activism is a popular online sport in some circles.”

    HOW DARE THEY

  10. The optimal assistance for these workers would be if their trade was legalised completely

    I am not holding my breath. Interestingly in Rhode Island not too long ago it was technically legal as long as certain provisions were followed but the law has since been changed

    The number of women walking the streets is far lower than in the past due to the advent of the Internet

    It’s a very visible change in some of the prostitution hotspots in my jurisdiction I’ve noticed. Streets where you could easily pick out a half dozen or more prosecutes 15 years ago are now mostly empty

    That’s good from a public perception of crime and nuisance angle since if the public doesn’t see it is less concerning to them

    A couple of cops who work in a nearby jurisdiction have received awards and accolades in the press for starting a safe house for girls who have been coerced into prosecution and/or Looking for a way out and especially for underage girls who have been trafficked

    1. There are way more independents working without a pimp due to the logistics of Internet prostitution

      That’s good because it helps the actual sex workers keep whatever money and make a better income

      Among the sex workers there are a lot of drug Addicts looking to support a habit of course but actually there are a lot of college students and single moms etc who are just looking for a good source of income to support themselves or their family

      The smartest ones advertises as escorts and know exactly the language to use in the advertisements and in the interactions with customers such that they are almost 100% protected from prosecution which is a good thing of course

      They will make explicit that they are selling their time and nothing else and anything that happens during interaction is simply to consenting adults and stuff like that

      Obviously when they are assaulted raped or otherwise violated many will be hesitant to call police so of course we are dealing with a lot of unreported crimes but at least as far as the reported crimes against them go there has been a substantial drop suggesting that the current intranet methodology is safer

      1. In my experience if you treat prostitutes with respect and kindness which is how you treat anybody, they are often very willing and useful as people who are willing to give us tons of good intelligence on various crimes and frankly are invaluable sometimes in solving them

        A good salty beat cop has a pretty good grasp of A lot of the activity going on in his beat, stuff that there is nowhere near enough evidence to prove but clearly is going on, but even 1 or 2 knowledgeable prostitutes can substantially enhance his effectiveness as regards to past and even inchoate offenses and really assist him in cleaning up his beat

    2. Hey Dunphy – how often have you worked vice? How many pros have you arrested?

      As long as you keep choosing to enforce immoral laws, *you* are the problem.

      1. When and if you’d like to discuss issues as adults do, and gave the opportunity to learn from me, and me to learn from you, get back to me.

        I have not had to work any vice cases here in WA, neither in patrol or detectives. The closest I have come is arresting a prostitute for warrants. I’ve also taken an assault case from a pros and made the arrest

        In Maui, I did exactly one pros case, resulting in a incredibly horrendously unjust $100 fine. Late 1990’s

        I will lose zero sleep over that egregious injustice!!!!

        Jesus wept

        1. Just to clarify that in my state prostitutes can get warrants if they violate a SOAP order

          I contacted a woman and checked her for warrants. The existence of the SOAP order violation warrant obviously indicating that she was a pros, which she freely admitted anyway.

          I certainly didn’t make a prostitution case, but of course the warrant arrest was a given

          I also gave A verbal warning to some putz who was clearly soliciting prostitutes but of course there was no criminal actions just the verbal warning and he left

  11. Whooooooooores!

    *shakes fist at sky*

    1. Leave the sky out of this, Mister Minister.

      1. All I want to do is pay clouds for sex! Stop othering me!

  12. Speaking of “Stigma” and injustice…

    As Ebola patient in Texas fights for his life, his family copes with stigma and isolation

    How dare they be socially ostracized for the mere coincidence of their possibly carrying the most deadly virus known to mankind? The NERVE of some people. You’d think they’d put a “Bush/Cheney 2016” sticker on their car!

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