Barbara Boxer

Congress on Cannabis:

An Exclusive Reason Survey on Medical Marijuana

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Earlier this year, REASON staffers called every member of the United States Congressional delegations from Arizona and California and asked them three questions relating to either Prop. 200 (Arizona) or Prop. 215 (California), successful ballot initiatives that allow doctors in those states to prescribe currently illegal drugs (anything in Arizona, marijuana in California):

1. Do you support the Clinton Administration's threats to crack down on physicians and other citizens of your state who exercise their rights under Prop. 200/Prop. 215?

2. Opponents of the measure such as Drug Czar Barry McCaffrey and Sen. Jon Kyl (R-Ariz.) have claimed that voters were "asleep at the switch" and "hoodwinked." Do you think voters of your state were incompetent in passing the law?

3. Do you believe that physicians who prescribe or recommend marijuana to relieve a specific medical condition should be subject to criminal prosecution?

A summary of and commentary on the results can be found in the April issue of REASON. Not surprisingly for a controversial topic, 36 out of possible 62 respondents refused to answer our questions. Of the 26 senators and representatives who did respond, many were uncomfortable with boiling their position down to a simple yes or no; some only answered one or two of the questions, refusing comment on the others. As a result, we inferred their answers based on the overall content of their responses.

Overall, nine congressmen and congresswomen could be said to agree with the first question; 15 disagreed. The second question also garnered 9 affirmatives, with 16 opposed. The third question got eight yes votes and 15 no votes. Because not all respondents answered all questions, the totals do not equal 26.

Here are the specific responses:

ARIZONA

Sen. John McCain (R)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Sen. Jon Kyl (R)

1. Yes
2. Yes
3. Yes

Other: Spokesman said that although Kyl is a proponent of federalism and devolution, the senator believes "there cannot be 50 FDAs. Medicine needs to be tested scientifically and that science will hold up in every state. We can't let states dictate policy because drugs can be sold nationally."

Rep. Matt Salmon (R; District 1)

1. Yes
2. No
3. Yes

Other: From a written statement, in which the congressman identifies himself as "a strong proponent of reducing taxes, expanding trade, and promoting free-market health care reform like Medical Savings Accounts": "As long as the medical community does not recognize the efficacy of illegal drugs, it is appropriate to enforce laws against their distribution.

Rep. Ed Pastor (D; District 2)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Bob Stump (R; District 3)

1. Yes
2. Yes
3. Yes

Other: "I am adamantly opposed to Prop. 200."

Rep. John Shadegg (R; District 4)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Jim Kolbe (R; District 5)

1. No
2. No
3. No

Rep. J.D. Hayworth (R; District 5)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

CALIFORNIA

Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D)

1. Yes
2. Yes
3. DNR

Sen. Barbara Boxer (D)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Frank Riggs (R; District 1)

1. Yes
2. Yes
3. Yes

Other: Spokesperson said Riggs would like to see research conducted, that the "door is not closed to any procedure that would reduce human suffering."

Rep. Wally Herger (R; District 2)

1. Yes
2. Yes
3. Yes

Other: Spokesperson said Herger believes Prop. 215 "opens a loophole for illegal drug use that drug traffickers could drive a truck through." Herger thinks drugs "should not be legalized in any form."

Rep. Vic Fazio (D; District 3)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. John Doolittle (R; District 4)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Robert Matsui (R; District 5)

1. DNR
2. No
3. DNR

Rep. Lynn Woolsey (D; District 6)

1. No
2. No
3. No

Other: Spokesman said, "She supported the proposition."

Rep. George Miller (D.; District 7)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Nancy Pelosi (D; District 8)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Ronald Dellums (D; District 9)

1. No
2. No
3. No

Other: Wrote President Clinton opposing administration position on Prop. 215.

Rep. Ellen Tausher (D; District 10)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Richard Pombo (R; District 11)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Tom Lantos (D; District 12)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Fortney "Pete" Stark (D; District 13)

1. No
2. No
3. No

Other: Spokeswoman said he "supports the law `definitely.'"

Rep. Anna Eshoo (D; District 14)

1. No
2. No
3. No

Rep. Tom Campbell (R; District 15)

1. No
2. No
3. No

Rep. Zoe Lofgren (D; District 16)

1. No
2. No
3. No

Rep. Sam Farr (D; District 17)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Gary Condit (D; District 18)

1. No
2. No
3. No

Rep. George Radanovich (R; District 19)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Cal Dooley (D; District 20)

1. No
2. No
3. No

Rep. Bill Thomas (R; District 21)

1. Yes
2. Yes
3. Yes

Rep. Walter Capps (D; District 22)

1. No
2. No
3. No

Rep. Elton Gallegly (R; District 23)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Brad Sherman (D; District 24)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Howard "Buck" McKeon (R; District 25)

1. Yes
2. Yes
3. Yes

Rep. Howard Berman (D; District 26)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. James Rogan (R; District 27)

1. No
2. No
3. No

Rep. David Dreier (R; District 28)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Henry Waxman (D; District 29)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Xavier Becerra (D; District 30)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Matthew Martinez (D; District 31)

1. No
2. Yes
3. No

Rep. Julian Dixon (D; District 32)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard (D; District 33)

1. Yes
2. No
3. Yes

Rep. Esteban Torres (D; District 34)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Maxine Waters (D; District 35)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Jane Harman D; District 36)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Juanita Millender-McDonald (D; District 37)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Steve Horn (R; District 38)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Ed Royce (R; District 39)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Jerry Lewis (R; District 40)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Jay Kim (R; District 41)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. George Brown (D; District 42)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Ken Calvert (R; District 43)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Sonny Bono (R; District 44)

1. No
2. No
3. No

Rep. Dana Rohrabacher (R; District 45)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Other: One-time "libertarian troubador."

Rep. Loretta Sanchez (D; District 46)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Christopher Cox (R; District 47)

1. No
2. No
3. No

Rep. Ron Packard (R; District 48)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Brian Bilbray (R; District 49)

1. No
2. Yes
3. No

Other: In a written statement, Bilbray expressed discomfort with the language, though not the intent of Prop. 215. Co-sponsored a federal medical marijuana bill with Rep. Barney Frank (D-Mass.).

Rep. Bob Filner (D; District 50)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Randy Cunningham (R; District 51)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

Rep. Duncan Hunter (R; District 52)

1. DNR
2. DNR
3. DNR

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