Transparency Chic

Someday your government may have as little privacy as you do.

Newborn babies have their own blogs and grandmothers are on Facebook. We Google potential dates. Privacy is dead. But one kind of information is still cozily locked away, safe from prying eyes: the law. President Obama may have come to Washington promising greater transparency, but progress has been less than impressive.

While the feds stumble toward openness, geeks and developers who made oversharing a way of life are bringing their can-do attitude to government transparency. Can't find what you're looking for on Try the new, user-friendlier Frustrated by the terrible interface of Obama's Check out the easily-searchable

But with the possible exception of the ever-leaky CIA, no aspect of government remains more locked down than the secretive, hierarchical judicial branch. Digital records of court filings, briefs and transcripts sit behind paywalls like Lexis and Westlaw. Legal codes and judicial documents aren't copyrighted, but governments often cut exclusive distribution deals, rendering other access methods a bit legally questionable. Supreme Court decisions are easy to get, but the briefs and decisions of lower courts can be hard to come by. Last week, a team from Princeton's Center for Information Technology Policy took a pot shot at legal secrecy, setting in motion a scheme to filch protected judicial records and make them available for free online. One of the developers, Harvard's Stephen Schultze, says he went digging for some First Amendment precedent last fall and was shocked by the outdated technology he found. Knowing that "there's a certain geek cachet to openness projects these days," Mr. Schultze and Princeton computer science grad students Tim Lee and Harlan Yu went straight to work.

Their almost-definitely-probably lawful system works like this: Right now, lawyers, nonprofits and researchers who use PACER, the clunky database maintained by the federal court system, must hand over their credit-card numbers and pay eight cents a page for records. Eight cents a page might not seem like much until you realize that the system isn't keyword searchable.

That's right: In 2009, judicial records in the U.S. are essentially unsearchable. Digital records—with confidential personal information (theoretically) redacted by attorneys—must be downloaded in unwieldy, badly labeled chunks. This is incomprehensible to anyone under 30. But it's a sad fact of life for those who pay lawyers hundreds of dollars an hour to dig up what would could be Googled in any other field.

Messrs Schultze, Lee and Yu whipped up a sleek little add-on to the popular Firefox Internet browser called RECAP (PACER spelled backward). Legit users of the federal court system download it. Then each time they drop eight pennies, it deposits a copy of the page in the free Internet archive. This data joins other poached information, all of which is formatted, relabeled and made searchable—the kind of customer service government tends to skimp on. Users can even see what has already been liberated while within the government system, a stylish and subversive touch. This week, as RECAP picked up speed, various court offices got skittish and began sending out emails acknowledging the project's legality, but "strongly discouraging" its use anyway.

The dream of state-provided transparency goes back as least as far as Abraham Lincoln, who established the Government Printing Office, which disseminates documents like the Congressional Record, on his first day in office in 1861. PACER itself was cutting-edge in 1988 when it was introduced as a dial-up service. It simply failed to keep up with the times.

Fortunately, as America's final preteen holdouts signed up for MySpace, geeks got itchy for the next big thing. Cultural and political conditions nudged them toward government transparency. Tech celebs like Craigslist founder Craig Newmark and Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales have flocked to the Sunlight Foundation, which uses the Internet to improve meaningful access to government. Developer Tim Lee says "there's just a ton of low-hanging fruit. The hard part is getting the data out. The fun part is doing stuff with it."

With geeks like these on the job, the time when a farm bill has 31,452 "friends" may not be far off. (Of course, 31,449 of them will be farmers.) Judicial stats may soon appear with scores from the day's games at a sports-and-courts betting site. Someday your government may have as little privacy as you do.

Katherine Mangu-Ward is a senior editor at Reason magazine. This article originally appeared in The Wall Street Journal on August 21.

Editor's Note: We invite comments and request that they be civil and on-topic. We do not moderate or assume any responsibility for comments, which are owned by the readers who post them. Comments do not represent the views of or Reason Foundation. We reserve the right to delete any comment for any reason at any time. Report abuses.

  • Daniel||

    Reason's motto: All the news that's fit to prop up the cult's dogmas.

  • ||

    This article originally appeared in The Wall Street Journal on August 21.

    This article was also posted here on August 21st and was kinda ignored getting only 3 comments.

    *turns on the "comments please" sign and shuffles off*

  • Tomcat1066||

    I thought it sounded scarily familiar.

  • Xeones||

    Shut the fuck up, Daniel/William/Morris/Lefiti/Edward.

  • MNN||

    "Reason's motto: All the news that's fit to prop up the cult's dogmas."

  • Craig||

    Even the Fed is for transparency now. Except when it makes their activities transparent.

  • ||

    Good catch, X.

  • ||

    I'd like to note that Tony, Lefiti's new sockpuppet Daniel, and "oh no I'm posting stupidity again" all showed up across the last five thread within 10 minutes of each other.

  • Urkobold™||

    "He'll Always be Edward"
    (to the tune of Billy Joel's "She's Always a Woman")

    He can kill with some bile,
    He can wound with his guise.
    He can ruin your faith with his casual lies.
    And he only reveals what he wants you to see.
    He hides like a child,
    But he'll always be Edward to me.

    He can goad you to wrath,
    He can take you or leave you.
    He can ask for the truth,
    But he'll never believe you.
    And he'll take what you give him,
    As long as it's free.
    Yeah, he steals like a thief,
    But he'll always be Edward to me.

    Oh--he takes care of himself.
    He can bate if he wants,
    He's shed of all shame.
    Oh--and he never gives out,
    And he never gives in.
    He just changes his name.

    And he'll promise you more
    Than ten times that he's leavin'.
    Then he'll carelessly cut you,
    And laugh while you're bleedin'.
    But he'll bring out your jest
    And the worst you can be.
    Blame it all on yourself,
    'Cause he'll always be Edward to me.

    Oh--he takes care of himself.
    He can bate if he wants,
    He's shed of all shame.
    Oh--and he never gives out,
    And he never gives in.
    He just changes his name.

    He is frequently kind,
    And he's suddenly cruel.
    He can do as he pleases,
    He's everyone's fool.
    And he can't be convinced,
    His dogma's too deep.
    And the most he will do
    Is throw shadows at you,
    But he'll always be Edward to me.

  • ||

    Hay guys, we're a cult now. :3

    I call bishophood of the mid-Southern US!

  • Xeones||

    I call Anti-Pope!

  • ||

    Suge, I noticed Tony was here on another thread immediately following Canadian observer's departure. Within seconds IIRC.

  • ||

    Urkobold, that was awesome.

  • ||

    Suge, I noticed Tony was here on another thread immediately following Canadian observer's departure.

    Hmm... interesting. The blog gods could clear this up for us. Prepare a sacrifice. A marmoset duct-taped to an owl should do nicely.

  • 24AheadDotCom||

    Another great and credulous job by KMW! Meanwhile, here's a comment I left at Sunlight's site.

  • Xeones||

    Shut the fuck up, LoneWacko. Nobody cares about your stupid comments.

  • ||

    I call Anti-Pope!

    No way! You got to be anti-pope last time! Mom, Xeones, is hogging all of the anti-Popery again!

  • ||

    I hope the government info comment pages will be as lively as these are :) (although it might have to be filled out in triplicate-you know the government)

  • The Libertarian Guy||

    Can I be a Viscount? I always wanted to be a Viscount. Or Chancellor of the Exchequer, maybe?

    Damn, I must be channeling that old dead British fop guy again. Time to line my hat with wax paper...

    Seriously, can I be maybe Sergeant-at-Arms In Charge of Keeping Tony the Fuck Out of the Mid-Southern US?

  • ||

    I request the position of Minister of Guesswork.

  • ||

    Transparency has become the new term for opaque. The 0bama administration wants transparency in the name of "revealing" what it thinks the previous administration did "wrong". NO amount of websites is going distract people from a leader who lies, is disingenuous or just obtuse. Nobody who understands what he said through his campaign to present is going to take seriously the phony happy words on a second rate website.
    Shut off the computer, open your ears and eyes.

  • Ratko||

    But the computer is my ears and eyes.

  • battery||

    good post,I can not express my feeling now

  • abercrombie milano||

    I'm not concerned that Mr. Crumb will go to hell or anything crazy like that! It's just that he, like many types of religionists, seems to take it literally, take it straight...the Bible's books were not written by straight laced divinity students in 3 piece suits who white wash religious beliefs as if God made them with clothes on...the Bible's books were written by people with very different mindsets

  • nike shox||

    is good


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