Reason Roundup

Supreme Court Reminds Us That the Best Answer to Unwanted Speech Is More Speech

Plus: On tipping and slavery, cities see population declines, and more...

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A reprimand "does not materially impair freedom of speech," says SCOTUS. There's an old adage—spawned by former Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis in 1927—that the best way to counter speech one doesn't agree with is not with censorship but with more speech. That seems to be a principle the Court still agrees with (thankfully). In a Thursday ruling, justices unanimously ruled against Houston Community College System board member David Wilson, who had accused his colleagues on the college school board of violating his First Amendment rights by verbally censuring him.

"Wilson was elected to a six-year term on board in 2013, but he soon found himself at odds with the other board members, blasting them on robocalls, on the radio, on his website, and filing four lawsuits against the board, which cost taxpayers close to $300,000 in legal fees," notes NPR. "He even hired a private investigator to see if a fellow board member really lived in the district she represented."

In response to all this, the other board members issued a public rebuke of Wilson, calling his actions and speech "not consistent with the best interests of the College" and "not only inappropriate, but reprehensible." Wilson contended that this was unconstitutional.

When Wilson first sued, back in 2018, a district court dismissed the case. But the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 5th Circuit reversed course, saying that the lawsuit could proceed. A verbal "reprimand against an elected official for speech addressing a matter of public concern is an actionable First Amendment claim," the appellate court said. 

Now, SCOTUS has said otherwise.

"A reprimand, no matter how strongly worded, does not materially impair freedom of speech," wrote Justice Neil Gorsuch in the Court's opinion. In fact, "the censure at issue before us was a form of speech" by Wilson's colleagues. And it's one long recognized as a way for elected bodies to address quibbles with members.

"Argument and 'counterargument,' not litigation, are the 'weapons available' for resolving this dispute," wrote Gorsuch (in part quoting the 1962 case Wood v. Georgia).

He noted Wilson is an elected official, and elected officials must "shoulder a degree of criticism about their public service from their constituents and their peers—and to continue exercising their free speech rights when the criticism comes."

"The First Amendment surely promises an elected representative like Mr. Wilson the
right to speak freely on questions of government policy," notes Gorsuch. "But just as surely, it cannot be used as a weapon to silence other representatives seeking to do the same.
"

You can read the full decision here.

Education Week notes that the case is "relevant to K-12 school boards dealing with disruptive members," not just these particular actors and/or colleges. "Briefs filed in the case touched on numerous examples of K-12 school boards censuring their members, and the court's decision will not upset the authority of boards to carry out such formal reprimands," it adds. "Recent examples show that school boards have censured their members over offensive outbursts or social media speech on hot-button issues such as COVID-19 protocols, teaching about race, and transgender student rights."


FREE MINDS

A fact check on the origins of tipping: 


FREE MARKETS

Big city populations tumbled last year, according to newly released data from the Census Bureau. The pandemic saw the populations of major American urban centers plummet as residents fled for less crowded and less expensive locales.

Between July 2020 and July 2021, more than 700,000 people (combined) moved out of Chicago, Los Angeles, New York, and San Francisco.

Mobility and choice are the upside of this story. But there are more disheartening explanations, as well, including more deaths and steep declines in immigration. Overall, "more than 73% (2,297) of U.S. counties experienced natural decrease in 2021, up from 45.5% in 2019 and 55.5% in 2020," the Census Bureau says.

While the largest U.S. cities saw population decreases, smaller cities gained population over that same time period. Atlanta, Austin, Dallas, Houston, and Phoenix added a combined 300,000 residents.

"The pattern is a notable contrast from a decade ago, when large cities were growing, bolstered by a decades-long boom in immigration and the rising popularity of urban living. At that time, most of the counties losing population were rural or experiencing economic decline," notes The New York Times.


QUICK HITS

• The U.S. has deported hundreds of Colombians seeking refugee status this month.

• The U.S. will accept up to 100,000 refugees from Ukraine.

• The Biden administration released plans to overhaul the asylum process.

• Sen. Bernie Sanders (I–Vt.) has introduced a bill to do away with Major League Baseball's antitrust exemption. "I'm very excited that we have introduced this legislation which should do away with the unique antitrust protections that Major League Baseball has enjoyed since 1922," Sanders said on "Real Sports with Bryant Gumbel" on Tuesday.

• Arizona's House of Representatives has approved a measure banning abortion at 15 weeks. The bill cleared the state Senate last month and will now go to Republican Gov. Doug Ducey for a signature.

• "Everyone has crypto FOMO," but are digital tokens a good investment for everyone?

• Idaho Republicans want to defund libraries.

• "A fifth employee at a federal women's prison in California has been indicted on charges stemming from sexual abuse of an inmate," reports USA Today.

• Delaware will send $300 to every resident who filed a 2020 tax return, ostensibly to help cover the costs of rising gas prices.

• Why you should almost never wait in line.

NEXT: Biden Is Poised To Make Freight Trains Less Safe. You Can Thank Special Interests.

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  1. Is tipping really a part of the legacy of slavery?

    It's more rooted in anti-trans bigotry.

    1. My sticky note identifies as a 20 dollar bill. If you question it you are a transphobe.

      1. Why is it sticky?

        1. Shortage of alcohol wipes due to Communist Chinese Virus restrictions?

        2. It was looking at pictures of mini notes. Risking 3 months in jail over its actions. But luckily friendly judges lowered the risk.

          1. Ow, my sides.

      2. Careful, if you pass off counterfeit money, stab your pregnant girlfriend then od on fentanal you may become a progressive hero

      3. A sexist, racist, Islamophobic transphobe who hates furries.

      4. My "tip" identifies as a $100 bill. Transphobic waitresses always refuse my tip.

    2. Yep. Treating only people born with a uterus as a waitress was the root of it all. When a lot of the waiters of the past were actually waitresses trapped in a waiter's uniform, the whole system became irredeemably bigoted.

    3. Receiving tips was the ONE part of working at a restaurant that *didn't* feel like slavery.

      1. Tax free income is always nice. Yes I worked in the industry in college. Never got tipped of you ask the government.

      2. But just the tip, right?

      3. Back in the 80s, when I worked as a waiter, the minimum for tipped employees in VA was $2.01/hour. We worked for tips because all the wages went for taxes. A lack of tipping was slavery, indeed.

        1. Are you from VA? Why’d a anti-govt extremist like you move to Oregon?

          Was your dead pig pal an anti-govt type? Is his wife? Because that’d be rich seeing they’re both govt employees.

          It’s funny that you’d accuse me of lying. The Mormons that my friends and I complained to claimed we were lying as well.

          1. Oh look. It's the ban-evading, piece-of-shit pervert who gets sexual kicks from doxxing widows.

            Glad you finely admitted it in a post, so we can IP request again with confidence.

    4. I only tip 3/5 of what is expected.

      1. Found the Nicole Hannah Jones sock.

      2. My tip is so utterly over-sized, my waitresses can't accommodate it!

      3. Your compromise wins this thread, but only in Missouri.

      4. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=utksPm6KgjU

        Mr Pink/Buscemi, and not satire when called on it.

    5. Hannah-Jones proves that most of these hacks just have a hammer-nail relationship with all issues.

      Warren/AOC? - whatever it is, its because capitalism bad and it needs to be controlled by govt and taxed more
      Hannah-Jones/Joyreid/Ibramkendi? - whatever it is, its because racism and slavery

      But hey, when being a hammer is massively profitable due to grifting simpletons, it pays to turn everything into a nail

      1. Keep in mind that things like diligence, a pleasant demeanor, and a desire to get things done right all are things NHJ considers White Supremacy. So from her POV, tipping rewards the evil.

        Also she's a cheap bitch (fitting a certain stereotype) and likes to make up excuses for why she's cheap.

      2. Some people like being nails.

        1. And others are just as dumb as hammers.

      3. Aoc admitted she didn't know what capitalism or socialism were.

      4. Hannah-Jones proves that most of these hacks just have a hammer-nail relationship with all issues.

        Not to mention living down to a stereotype that black people are horrible tippers.

        Incidentally, as a former waiter myself, the worst tippers tended to be black church groups (would run you ragged for an hour and then tip $2.00 on a $100 check) and senior citizens (unfortunately thought 10% was still a good tip; I'd usually give the check to their kids when family groups came in just because I knew I'd get an extra 5-10% from them). Businessmen on lunch were probably third, but if you split the check, you generally made up for it in volume.

        Best tippers were gay dudes since they tended to have a lot of disposable income and few, if any, kids.

    6. I thought it was rooted in ableism.

      1. It was corporate greed last year. Is it not that anymore? The rules are really confusing.

        1. Stay tuned for the daily fatwahs.

    7. I used to have a job circumcising elephants. The pay wasn't much but the tips were enormous. yuk-yuk

      1. Hey! Stop promoting gender change for under-age elephants!

        1. Tusk tusk! Cut it out you two! Otherwise I’ll have to unleash a stampede of my own elephant puns—and I have a trunkful of em!

  2. The pandemic saw the populations of major American urban centers plummet as residents fled for less crowded and less expensive locales.

    Let's not discount less heavyhanded mitigation policies as a motivator.

    1. But then everyone who fled cities must be an anti-democratic, seditious traitor, right?

    2. And the 25% spike in violent or property crime...

      1. Irrelevant. And non-existent, of course. And you're a racist.

        Am I doing this right, ENB?

        1. Ask Matthew Yglesias first.

      2. The mailbox at my business park got broken into. Then it happened again 2 weeks later. Then a week later. Then 2 days later. For the last week, the USPS has refused to deliver the mail until the owner provides a new unit.

        Municipal police are no different than any other protection racket. If you don't cough up for OT and perks, they let it be known that you are fair game.

        Don't get me started on the USPS. The carrier will not take 20 minutes to deliver door to door, but to be honest, that cunt wouldn't even if we tipped her.

        1. Sounds more like a case of crappy mailboxes rather than USPS’s fault.

          1. The USPS mandates the locks to be used in these group mailboxes. They are famously insecure and can easily be raked open by an inexperienced picker.

            https://youtu.be/KUau7vVa5pQ

            There is only one authorized manufacturer. It is illegal to use a different lock.

    3. "The pandemic saw the populations of major American urban centers plummet as residents fled for less crowded and less expensive locales."

      Who wouldve thought putting religious level nonsense requirements on people in a specific area, while also incentivizing criminals to openly increase crime in said area, would make people want to leave.

      1. Though that doesn't explain why a shithole like Atlanta is seeing a population increase. Though Kemp, thankfully, used state primacy to prevent mayors from implementing mask mandates and local lockdowns, so maybe that's why it's still tolerable. Keisha Bottoms would make dictators blush if she could wield the power she wanted to.

        1. that doesn't explain why a shithole like Atlanta is seeing a population increase

          Who wouldn't want to live somewhere you can get paid just to vote?

          1. Do you believe Trump had the 2020 election stolen from him?

            1. The American people had the 2020 election stolen from them, regardless of who legitimately won.

        2. I'd be interested to see the breakdown by race of those moving in. Mainly African Americans?

        3. Maybe they mean the Atlanta metro area rather than Atlanta proper.

          1. Have there been recent annexations?

            When I lived there, there was a race between the city and outlying communities to incorporate lest they be annexed to pay for downtown Atlanta.

            Last I recall, Atlanta was in danger of being completely strangled, surrounded on all sides by small cities.

            1. There's actually a law in Colorado called the Poundstone Amendment that prevents Denver from annexing any more unincorporated land. When they were trying to get DIA going, the legislature had to approve a waiver to the law so that Denver could annex the strip of land in Adams County that became the Pena Boulevard corridor and the DIA property.

        4. A lot of volunteers moved there to help with the Senate runoff turnout.

  3. The U.S. has deported hundreds of Colombians seeking refugee status this month.

    Is that a lot?

    1. That probably offsets the 600 Ukrainians we have taken in.

    2. It depends. How many of them are trans swimmers?

    3. Even one deportation is too many.

      --Fiona Harrigan

    4. It is if you are one of them, being denied a shot at a better life.

      1. being denied a shot at a better life.

        You do realize they can't legally work here, right?

        1. By better life Mike means government welfare.

        2. Mitt Romney needs some landscapers or maids or something. As long as it’s not an election year he’ll hire em.

        3. I’m gonna bet no, he doesn’t.

      2. The "right" to a better life justifies taking from others. Did Marx say that?

      3. Anything not given is something taken, eh mike?

        That, and of course brown people are incapable of “a shot at a better life” without the help of white knights like mike. Haha.

    5. If they are fleeing socialism and corruption and inept government, they might not vote for more of the same reliably enough?

    6. Deporting Colombians? Are there grounds for that?

  4. The Biden administration released plans to overhaul the asylum process.

    No vax mandates for incoming refugees?

      1. With cages for kids. Fun!

  5. "He even hired a private investigator to see if a fellow board member really lived in the district she represented."

    The horror!

  6. The Fedetalist recieved documents showing democrat elections officials working directly woth Zuckerberg funded groups to change election laws through rule making outside of legislative authority. Money grants were often the impetus to get these changes in place from third parties.

    https://thefederalist.com/2022/03/25/exclusive-zuckerberg-funded-nonprofit-helped-shift-michigans-2020-voting-rules/

    1. Muh Private Company, blah, blah, blah. Also, 2020 was the most secure election in recorded history.

      1. No widespread corruption.

        1. That's the beauty of it. If it's done locally, no way it can be widespread.

        2. Only a handful of states.

          1. I'm sure that nobody else knew what was going on, though. They were just each making sure that their own precincts were "secure".

            1. Remember, its only treason if you fail.

              1. After failing, you still have to have a justice department, fbi, and court system that agree you did something wrong.

                1. Reminder.

                  No standing before an election. Moot after an election.

                  1. And the cases that were heard, and ruled that the SOS broke the law, like here in Michigan, didn’t involve any consequences.

    2. So in short, our last national election was as democratic as those of the bane of Our Democracy, Russia.

    3. If this had happened on the republican side it would have caused more CNN/MSNBC/WAPO hysteria than the russian collusion.

  7. Sen. Bernie Sanders (I–Vt.) has introduced a bill to do away with Major League Baseball's antitrust exemption.

    I'm feeling the bern on this one.

    1. * We secretly replaced Fist's lube with pine tar and a rosin bag.

      1. Let's see if Bernie notices the difference in fistings.

  8. Trudeau went to the EU to deliver speeches on the harm occurring against democracy. Many EU nations point out the harm was already inside Canada's house.

    https://pjmedia.com/news-and-politics/stacey-lennox/2022/03/24/justin-trudeau-gets-wrecked-after-daring-to-lecture-the-eu-parliament-about-democracy-n1583896

    Romanian MEP Cristian Terhes issued a statement announcing his decision not to attend Trudeau’s speech. It was just as brutal as Kolakusic’s comments: “You can’t come and teach democracy lessons to Putin from the European Parliament when you trample with horse hooves your own citizens who are demanding that their fundamental rights be respected.”

    In another paragraph, he asserted that Trudeau is no better than Putin. “When you, a politician from the ‘west,’ implement in your home methods of repression and the trampling of the rights of your own citizens, who demand their rights be respected, as Putin does at home, you are no better than him.”

    1. Mislav Kolakusic is my new hero.

      1. The speeches were great.

    2. I'm sure CNN and the NYT will cover these speeches in depth.

    3. "Trudeau went to the EU to deliver speeches on the harm occurring against democracy."

      "Anti-democratic" or "threatening democracy" seems to be the new "misinformation". The people screaming about it at the top of their lungs seem to trample upon democracy more than anyone else.

      Will add to the list:

      - "anti fascist"
      - "anti racist"
      - "pro democracy"

      Looking forward to the term they come up with to prove they totes aren't grooming kids in school.

      1. Nobody wants to go to second grade a virgin

        1. gross, but lol

    4. “Between the Russian imperialist tyranny, promoted by Putin, and the neo-Marxist tyranny pretending to be progressivism promoted by the likes of Trudeau, in which people are deprived of their rights and freedoms, becoming objects of the state, I do not choose any.”

      It seems people that can remember actual communism are less likely to be fooled by the progressives.

      1. I work with a couple eastern european guys who grew up under the remnants of communism. They have treated the neomarxist stuff like kryptonite from the first time they heard it here. They were probably the first and loudest people I heard speaking out against it.

        They dont even call them liberals or progs, they have always referred to them as communists.

      2. Neo-marxist tyranny is exactly what progressivism is

      3. Yeah, you might want to ask George Soros about that.

  9. Arizona's House of Representatives has approved a measure banning abortion at 15 weeks.

    When in the pregnancy do would-be mothers usually terminate? I never bothered to check the stats on that.

    1. After clump of cells. Before 5th birthday.

    2. Anytime before the birth canal fairy turns you into a person.

      1. Nelson will be along soon to tell us all we’re idiots for acknowledging basic science.

        1. The moral status of personhood is not a scientific determination.
          At this point we should know better than to claim that "the science" answers moral questions like this.

          1. But moral questions like restricting individual rights for the good of the collective? Now that's Science!

  10. Idaho Republicans want to defund libraries.

    I don't know what they have against hobos masturbating.

    1. Not too many hobos masturbating in our libraries.

      Meth addicts are another story.

      1. If we can't masturbate in libraries, where are we going to masturbate?

        1. At bars, apparently.

        2. Employer-provided VR pods.

        3. Everywhere else. Not a bad trade.

        4. openly out on the street

      2. Are the meth addicts masturbating with one hand while fighting 15 police with another?

        1. It only took 15 cops because they were all afraid of accidentally getting touched by the free-range penis.

    2. Where will sarc get his porn now?

    3. Nothing worse from a ENB-style libertarian perspective than government programs losing funding.

      1. But how does it impact sex workers?

    4. Given the public funding of internet and open book projects present on them, libraries have lost much of their use. I'm not actually against defending them now that they primarily do thinks like host trans grooming story hours.

      Private institutions can continue without public funding.

      1. Libraries are also commonly used to fund certain woke authors as the selections of books have become political.

        1. Yeah, funding woke progressive bullshit seems to be the primary function of most public institutions at this stage. Defunding that nonsense is a completely legitimate response.

        2. Im sure every public library has a few mandatory copies of Stamped from the beginning and How to be an antiracist.

      2. We've turned a blind eye to the copyright infringements at libraries for far too long. They let people get around paying for the copyrighted property of others.

    5. I fail to see why this is a problem. Doesn’t Reason usually bitch that Republicans won’t even cut spending on minor shit?

      1. “Doesn’t Reason usually bitch that Republicans exist?”

        FTFY.

  11. "Between July 2020 and July 2021, more than 700,000 people (combined) moved out of Chicago, Los Angeles, New York, and San Francisco."

    Of course the most important method we Koch / Reason libertarians employ to turn the US into a single-party Democratic country is to import more Black and Brown voters. However another useful strategy is to have Democrats move out of major cities (which will remain solid blue anyway) and into purple states like Ohio and Florida — where they will continue to vote Democrat.

    #LibertariansFor50Californias

    1. I think the word is metastasize.

    2. But blue cities seem hostile to new corporate work centers. Assuming this is not a feint, where is the best place for a minimum wage factory or distribution center? Asking for a friend.

      1. In the red county right outside the blue metro area. In New York or LA, that means a 3-4 hour drive, but in Austin, it's 15 minutes.

        1. Vancouver, WA for example.

          You strike me as someone who would feel right at home in that shithole.

          1. You are mind-numbingly stupid. The only thing that separates Portland and Vancouver is the river. Clark Co. is every bit as blue and Multnomah, Washington and Clackamas.

            1. That’s not true at all. Vancouver has a lot of conservatives who don’t want to pay Oregon property taxes but also don’t want to pay sales tax.

              There’s a reason it’s called Vantucky.

              1. conservatives who don’t want to pay Oregon property taxes but also don’t want to pay sales tax

                That's not true at all. WA strictly enforces use tax all along its borders. That means that anything you bring into WA from out state still gets taxed at the sales tax rate. Just driving a work vehicle into WA can trigger an audit from WDOR.

                There's a reason you're called a fucking idiot.

            2. In 2020 Clark County was 50 to 45 for Brandon.

              Multnomah County was 79 to 18 for Brandon.

              “Just as blue” my ass.

              1. So Clark ISN'T red?

                And the county encompasses a lot more than Vancouver.

                1. Exactly. Blue is just as blue as blue.

  12. Government is slowly releasing all of the non covid death information from 2020 and the numbers show a significant increase due to lockdowns.

    https://pjmedia.com/columns/stephen-kruiser/2022/03/24/quarantine-slaughterhouse-non-covid-deaths-spiked-during-lockdowns-n1583804

    1. Ah, but did they die *of* non-COVID or *with* non-COVID?

      1. THAT'S LITERALLY THE SAME THING, SIENCE DENIER!!!!

    2. My lockdown pleases your elected official; your lockdown pleases my official.

  13. A fifth employee at a federal women's prison in California has been indicted on charges stemming from sexual abuse of an inmate...

    Maybe Caged Heat wasn't the best training video.

  14. Delaware will send $300 to every resident who filed a 2020 tax return, ostensibly to help cover the costs of rising gas prices.

    So make those four fill-ups stretch until the midterms.

    1. It’s actually insulting when you think about it.

      1. Might as well hand out cash at the polls.

        1. We're pretending this is different. Let's just call it what it is. I fucking hate it.

          We need to go back to requiring people to own land in order to vote. Land owners at least aren't as cheap to bribe as the out of work masses.

    2. By the midterms, that will only buy you two fill-ups.

    3. I still think they should just mail everyone some gad.

  15. Just a reminder to everyone finally admitting that Hunter laptop was real... like the NYT. There are a number of scandals found in foreign deal making in those emails that involve the current president when he was vice president.

    https://www.dailywire.com/news/bestselling-author-peter-schweizer-breaks-down-fbi-probe-into-hunter-biden-potential-links-to-president

    1. You'd think Reason would be all over evidence of massive corruption, for example a vice-president taking bribes.

      "Why aren't they?" is a question all readers should be asking.

      1. "Why aren't they?" is a question all readers should be asking.

        What if we already know the answer?

        1. Legit question: Which writer for this publication do you think is actually qualified to intelligently investigate and then write about this topic?

          1. Investigate? Have any of the 'editors' ever done any investigative journalism? They seem to stick to after the fact analysis that can be done in-office, or at the watering hole.

          2. If you're asking me, I don't know. Some of the Editors may be alright but I don't keep track.

      2. Something about mean tweets.

      3. They aren't credible. If they had no evidence and all witnesses said they didn't remember the corruption, they'd be more credible.

        1. If it was real, the FBI would investigate it. We all know they have no problem going after the sitting president.

      4. *raises hand*

        Is it because they’re lefties?

        1. I believe they all have their own special reasons for not covering it.
          ENB-Doesn't involve sex workers or abortion
          Fiona-Doesn't involve immigration or asylum
          Sullum-Doesn't involve dumping on Republicans
          Welch and KMW-Doesn't involve paying lip service to libertarianism while arguing for exactly the opposite

          Feels like the phrase "stay in your lane" must get thrown around a lot at the Reason offices. And Hunter's laptop isn't in any of those lanes.

          1. Hey now. Hunter is heavily involved with sex workers.

            1. His teenage niece was a sex worker?

              1. She might be now.

  16. BIDEN: "I came to congratulate a man who just got re-elected — without opposition! I dream about that some day."

      1. Reason doesn't like this link address, so you have to go through the tweet (or look up thegrayzone website)

        https://twitter.com/aaronjmate/status/1507091707967459339?t=QLDydTkwCu6FYaMy69vzqw&s=19

        Shadowy UK intel figure Hamish de Bretton-Gordon was at the forefront of chemical weapons deceptions in Syria. Now in Ukraine, he’s up to his old tricks again.

        By @KitKlarenberg

        [Link]

        1. "With Washington and its NATO allies forced to watch from the sidelines as Russia’s military advances across Eastern Ukraine and encircles Kiev, US and British officials have resorted to a troubling tactic that could trigger a massive escalation. Following similar claims by his Secretary of State and ambassador the United Nations, US President Joseph Biden has declared that Russia will pay a “severe price” if it uses chemical weapons in Ukraine.

          The warnings emanating from the Biden administration contain chilling echoes of those issued by the administration of President Barack Obama throughout the US-led dirty war on Syria.

          Almost as soon as Obama implemented his ill-fated “red line” policy vowing an American military response if the Syrian army attacked the Western-backed opposition with chemical weapons, Al Qaeda-aligned opposition factions came forth with claims of mass casualty sarin and chlorine bombings of civilians. The result was a series of US-UK missile strikes on Damascus and a prolonged crisis that nearly triggered the kind of disastrous regime change war that had destabilized Iraq and Libya.

          In each major chemical weapons event, signs of staging and deception by the armed Syrian opposition were present. As a former US ambassador in the Middle East told journalist Charles Glass, “The ‘red line’ was an open invitation to a false-­flag operation.”"

    1. We won't be laughing about it in 2024.

      1. You mean "World War III" (ackshuyally, World War V) won't have started before then?

  17. The practice of giving out gratuities was sufficiently widespread by the early 1700s that writers began to catalog the best practices of tipping etiquette.

    Well, to be fair, the practice of slavery was pretty widespread by the early 1700s.

  18. Why you should almost never wait in line.

    Sure not lining up on this side of that paywall.

    1. Funny. Two years ago, due to the gross government overreaction to COVID, I was standing in line to buy toilet paper.

      1. Do your garments have to be blessed if you get skid marks or jizz on them? Do you get new ones? Do you throw the old ones away?

        1. Pants-shitter posts query about shitting pants.

          Drawing attention to your dishonest tactics? You are definitely getting dumber.

          The sign of a great Marxist is being able to maintain the narrative even after the alcoholism begins to take a toll on cognition. It is an homage to Karl himself.

          1. How am I a Marxist?

            1. I don't know, but you are a ban-evading piece of shit who doxxes widows.

              1. Never got banned. I abandoned that account because I don’t want a bunch of Qanon followers badgering me.

                1. You got banned for doxxing, you lying piece of shit.

                  1. Do you have evidence I was banned?

                    1. The fact you're using a different account makes it pretty obvious, garbage boy.

                2. And then created this account that’s somehow immune from the same thing? Did that make more sense in your head before you posted it?

                  1. I’ve taken a few security measures with this one.

                    1. Just so you realize no one believes you.

                  2. D’oh! Didn’t see this.

                3. And switching accounts addressed the situation with your nonexistent “Q” anti fan club how, exactly?….

  19. "Everyone has crypto FOMO,"

    No.

    1. "Oh, very well. Everyone has crypto-FOMO FOMO."

    2. I don't have FOMO of a Gold Standard because I've never lived under one. Likewise with Crypto.

      Somebody give me both some Gold-based currency and Crypto-based currency, then I'll tell you whether I have FOMO. 🙂

      For a real Libertarian, that really would be like;

      Wish in one hand and crap in the other
      https://youtu.be/RV-p51fvYLc

  20. Arizona passes controversial law to make sure people who register to vote in federal elections are actually citizens.

    https://justthenews.com/nation/states/center-square/arizona-legislature-approves-bill-vetting-all-voters-citizenship-they

    Essentially it requires state election officials to verify citizenship for those submitting federal forms whose only verification is a check box.

    1. Preventing electoral fraud is racist.

    2. It's only "controversial" if you're an idiot or a cheater.

  21. A fact check on the origins of tipping:

    A bunch of drunk guys stumbled upon a sleeping cow...

    1. What if they had found a sleeping sheep?

        1. The world's hardest tongue-twister:

          The sixth Sheikh's sixth sheep's sick.

          Kinda makes you wonder why the poor sixth sheep's sick. Maybe because the sixth Sheikh's sick and spread it.

          Yep, Ewe! (pronounced with Millennial lilt?)

      1. Holy sheep dip--I mean--tip.

  22. "The U.S. has deported hundreds of Colombians seeking refugee status this month ... The U.S. will accept up to 100,000 refugees from Ukraine."

    OK, so maybe Biden hasn't delivered 100% open borders like we Koch / Reason libertarians wanted when we voted for him. But look at that ratio! If 100,000 cost-effective laborers are getting in for every 100 or so kicked out, that's still great news for our benefactor Charles Koch.

    #CheapLaborAboveAll

    1. SleepyJoe wants more Ukrainians because of skin color.

      1. He's just trying to ensure that they only bring young girls.

        1. Ensure? C'mon, Man! You know Creepy Joe likes Boost and Jello Pudding and hair pie!

      2. And if you don't support SleepyJoe doing so, then you ain't black!

    2. You know who else was a master at getting cheap labor from other countries?

  23. Big city populations tumbled last year, according to newly released data from the Census Bureau. The pandemic saw the populations of major American urban centers plummet as residents fled for less crowded and less expensive locales.

    Like locusts they just fled to ravage new crops elsewhere.

    1. Yep. I see more 714 and 310 area codes showing up in for sale ads in the CDA area.

    2. How dare they increase our property value!

      1. Not for long.

      2. But do they?

        1. It depends. If you already own a building and they prevent anyone else from building one nearby, your value goes up. Their value goes down. Then when you try to sell the building to someone else, the price plummets when some aging hipster makes it their personal crusade to put your property on some state-sanctioned historic preservation list, without your knowledge and against your wishes.

      3. It almost offsets the increased taxes and property crimes.

        1. Actually, it multiplies the new tax rate increases.

      4. All of a sudden Gentrification is a-okay?

        1. Sure, as long as the new residents are earnest Democrats, who just want to improve the neighborhood (and the people).

      5. More like this:

        Local forum - "My neighbor has pigs. I didn't know this when I moved in. How can I have them removed?"

        That's the shit Californians bring.

        1. Yep. Then they're going to vote in the same shitty policies that ruined their old homes.

        2. Most Californians moving to Idaho are seeking a more conservative place to live.

            1. Of course, a big flaw is the self-identification. A self-identifying "conservative" from Idaho is probably firmly right-of-center, while a self-identifying "conservative" from California could be center-left. It's all relative. In my experience, Massachusetts Bernie-Bros. consider themselves to be moderates.

              1. M4E doesn’t think he’s a lefty.

          1. Of all your retarded as fuck takes, that’s definitely one of them.

        3. Don't you dare have animals on your farm. Your California neighbors that bought animal-less farms can't stand the smell.

          1. Nasal violence.

            1. Smell like an ole factory in here!

          1. Yeah. Why don't I believe you pay for a local Idaho newspaper behind a pay wall.

        4. He can move his retard ass back to cali

      6. Yeah, god forbid the people that live someplace want to be able to afford it.

        Goddamn progressives are the worst people.

  24. Delaware will send $300 to every resident who filed a 2020 tax return, ostensibly to help cover the costs of rising gas prices.

    Why does Delaware hate poor minority POCs? WHY?!

    1. Every owner of an electric car who cashes that check should be arrested for fraud.
      And the politicians for conspiracy to commit fraud.

  25. Biden kicking ass for America and Democracy! Let's go!

    U.S., EU strike LNG deal as Europe seeks to cut Russian gas

    https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2022-03-25/u-s-and-eu-reach-energy-supply-deal-to-cut-dependence-on-russia?srnd=premium

    1. That would mean something if he hadn't spent that last few years outlawing the American oil industry. Apparently Stroozele doesn't know what Natural Gas is extracted along with, and as a byproduct of.

      1. Also how gas is transported, including pipelines and seaport terminals.

      2. The things LoSer doesn't know is nearly all-encompassing, to be fair.

    2. Someone either didn’t watch that press conference yesterday, or is dumber than I thought.

      1. "It’s going to take some time to adjust gas supply chains and infrastructure that (were) built for the last decade so we’re going to have to make sure the families in Europe can get through this winter and the next while we’re building an infrastructure for a diversified, resilient and clean energy future," he said.

        So.... no energy for now, fuck you europe. And no energy later, go green, fuck you europe.

        See Spain and Germany for how their green energy transition went.

        1. The task force’s two main goals will be to diversify liquefied natural gas supplies "in alignment with climate objectives" and to reduce the demand for natural gas, the White House said.

          Lord Sullum is fucking retarded.

    3. Wouldn't it have been better to not kill the Isreal to Europe pipeline?

      https://www.gatestoneinstitute.org/18232/israel-europe-gas-pipeline

      Or stop new leases for LNG in america?

  26. The importance of public education. Teaching 1st grader proper pronouns.

    https://mobile.twitter.com/Phenomenal_Cat/status/1507090871283433488

    1. A public education is child abuse.

      1. Eggs and omelettes.

    2. Also absurd due to the reason many adults take issue with this. Calling a singular person a plural pronoun is odd and feels weird. I would mess it up if I tried to do it consistently.

      Teaching a kid who doesn't know language yet a wrong and incorrect term so they can be a woke drone is fucked up on many levels.

      Also one of the reasons hispanics absolutely hated LatinX. They have a language based on gender. To try and make it feel ungendered is antithetical to the way the entire language works. Aside from the fact that it is retarded.

      1. This is exactly what it sounds like: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bzq4YDt7V-o

      2. In some circumstances it is indeed correct English. The problem is that these people insist you do it in ALL circumstances.

        "Someone stole my sammich" clearly refers to a singular person.

        Both "I hope he chokes on it" and "I hope they choke on it" are both grammatically correct. "They" refers to an indeterminate singular person.

        1. Only in the last couple years. Before then, the proper way to handle the sentence was to write 'he/she' out completely.

          "Someone stole my sammich. I hope the thief chokes on it."

          1. Nah, people have used "they" as a singular pronoun in ordinary speech and writing for way longer than that when the number or gender of the referent is unclear.
            It's debatable whether it is grammatically correct, but it has been common usage for my whole life, at least. Probably because it is less awkward than "he or she".
            The weird and cumbersome usage to refer to a known specific individual is another story.

            1. It was not grammatically correct. These things would be written out by any professional writer.

          2. Traditionally, proper grammar was "masculine preferred," and the default was "he/his," as in, "Someone stole my sammich. I hope he chokes on it."

            It was the feminists in the 70s that insisted masculine preferred was sexist, and shifted to "he or she."

            Colloquially, people have been using "they" as a gender neutral pronoun for ages.

            1. I hope the fucking socialists choke on it.

        2. Ya I guess the issue is the all circumstances thing.

          "John is going to take the bus. They always take the bus."

          If it was absolutely interchangeable it would be one thing. It would still be wrong, as they are just doing it to normalize kids who are already confused thinking two-spirit gender fluid nonsense is real.

          1. "John is going to take the bus. He is a Marxist. They always take the bus."

            That fixes the problem.

        3. "They" refers to an indeterminate singular person.

          Except that is not what the lesson was about. The lesson was that there are boys (he), girls (she) and people who are neither or both (they).

          Teaching children 'neither or both ' is pure nonsense. Never in history has language been taught with a mind to how to converse about a very small population born with birth defects. 0.2% of men are born with Klinefelter Syndrome (XXY) and 0.13% of births involve ambiguous sex. And these are defects, cases where the body is not developing as it should.

          https://www.webmd.com/parenting/baby/news/20190503/study-about-1-in-1000-babies-born-intersex.

          1. But if we dont spend time forcing everyone to absolutely bend over backwards to make the 0.1% freaks completely satisfied with our catering to them, its literally violence, genocide, and hate toward them.

            1. Exactly.

              One of the comments on the Twitters.
              ..does it having a rainbow in the background change the fact that it's basic english? i was taught the exact same thing in 1st-2nd grade english. you use 'they' to refer to someone who is not male or female, or who's gender you do not know.

              Nope. The second, who's gender you do not know, one is the previously accepted grammar rule for using the singular they. It assumes that person is not with you and is thus unknown. Even if a trans person was standing in front of you you would use he or she based on your perception of that transers sex.

              The first, bolded, is the new way grammar is taught. Like updating the definition of a vaccine. If the definition doesn't fit the agenda, expand the definition until it does.

              1. I'm not taking grammar advice from someone who uses "who's" as a possessive.

                1. Yes, that too. Or uses i in any sentence, never mind to start one.

          2. Mormons need to clean their own house before telling others how to raise their kids.

            1. You need to stop doxxing widows, you human garbage dump.

              1. That cunt needs to stop indoctrinating kids with bigotry.

                1. You can cry about that when you wokies stop grooming students in elementary school. There's several examples just in this thread. Also, you need to stop doxxing widows, pervert.

                  1. How am I a pervert?

                    Also I named her dead pig husband. I never posted her name.

                    Mormons shouldn’t fuck so many people over but make themselves so visible.

                    1. "I doxxed her dead husband, not her"

                      So you're too fucking retarded to see how you just incriminated yourself, huh.

                    2. Incriminated myself how?
                      I never denied what I did and I was right to do it.

                    3. Fuck you're trash.

    3. neither or both - they/them

      In all seriousness, why did they have to drag kids into this?

      I suspect things will have to get bloody at some point, because corrupting children with this is evil, but they will never stop.

      1. I’d rather have kids exposed(well not literally) to Transgender people than pervert worshipping bigots.

        1. " to Transgender people than pervert worshipping bigots"

          but you repeat yourself

        2. You are a great fool. The defining trait of a transgender person is their insistence that they are 'he' or 'she' in defiance of their biology.

          And you capitalize transgender as if it is a title? Wickedly ironic! A title is a complete figment of the imagination.

          1. They aren’t hurting anyone, so why the fuck should you care?

            Mormons are actively harming people right now. It’s not my fault they’re too arrogant and stupid to realize it.

            1. No they aren't. You know who is?
              Perverts who get erections from doxxing dead cop's widows.

            2. It just depends on if they're convincing children to increasingly identify as transgender just because they're presenting as feminine males or masculine females. If they convince children to identify that way and it leads them to medical interventions when they actually don't have gender dysphoria, then there is harm being done.

              If this was only about consenting adults deciding how they want to be called and what they want to do with their own bodies, I would have no feelings at all.

              1. If they convince children to identify that way and it leads them to medical interventions when they actually don't have gender dysphoria, then there is harm being done.

                Like my nephew who was an incel and is now living as a woman. I have mentioned this multiple times, but KAR has no interest in having a discussion, just propagating hate, so he pretends I don't have personal experience with the issue.

            3. They aren’t hurting anyone, so why the fuck should you care?

              Your logic is not even internally consistent. Look again. My comments never even mentioned transgender. You brought up transgender and are now pretending my perfectly logical point that transgender people specifically do not want to be called they/them as if I was attacking them (plural). The lesson, as it was being taught, would not include transgender people in the third category, so your first comment was a complete non-sequitur and this is just more bullshit.

              And can you explain the weird-ass capitalization?

              I think I can. You are a great fool.

        3. Better pervert worshipping bigots than an actual pervert bigot who gets his jollies doxxing dead cop's widows.

          1. “Pervert bigot” I’m bigoted against Mormons, but they choose to worship a proven fraud.

            I fail to see how that makes me a pervert?

            1. Because you get your jollies from doxxing dead cop's widows? That's pretty damn perverted, freakshow.

              1. You’re the one suggesting there’s anything sexual about it.
                I haven’t and find it bizarre anyone would.

                Pervert’s Lament

                1. "Pervert’s Lament" that smacks of flailing. Especially from a guy who masturbates over doxxing widows and trolling Chuck.

                  1. Your the one sexualizing it. Not me.

                    1. What's the point of you doing the sick, creepy shit like you did without it tickling your jollies?

                    2. He wants to pretend now that he didn't post multiple times in the past about raping every woman and girl in the church? Sigh. Just when I thought he was at least being honest about himself.

            2. I’m bigoted against Mormons, but they choose to worship a proven fraud.

              Mixing lies with truth, another classic from Alinsky.

              Catholics actually kneel and give prayers to a teen that claimed that God made her preggers. Maybe you could rag on them for a while.

      2. Because some parents might choose to indoctrinate their children with wrongthink, and they need to make sure the kids understand how evil and bigoted their parents are.

      3. Because they believe, really believe, in social engineering. You have to put the ideas in their head when they're young and make it stick. It's been proven that you're biased toward the first way you learn or hear about something. If the first thing you hear is a complete lie, then when presented with the truth, you're likely to continue believing the lie.

        It's evil and insidious and it's NO FUCKING SURPRISE they think parents don't have a right to be involved in their kids' education: because they want to be the ones who brainwash them.

        1. If the first thing you hear is a complete lie, then when presented with the truth, you're likely to continue believing the lie.
          --------------
          Which explains why so many people haven't moved past March 2020 when it comes to covid.

  27. I thought it was treasonous to question election results.

    Ian Millhiser
    @imillhiser
    If you think the Ginni Thomas texts are bad, wait until you learn about how Clarence Thomas successfully conspired with four other high-ranking government officials to overturn the result of the 2000 election.

    1. Questioning the 2000 election and the 2016 election is brave and required.

      Questioning any election where a democrat won is treason.

      But they definitely are the "pro democracy" party

  28. "The pandemic saw the populations of major American urban centers plummet as residents fled for less crowded and less expensive locales."

    More free, General; don't forget more free.

    1. Also a purge of people who are less compliant, and also less dependent on the state.

  29. As a reminder to elites in DC, NYC, and LA; Atlanta is NOT a small city.

    1. Yeah, that was a wtf moment.

    2. As a reminder to elites in DC, NYC, and LA; Atlanta is NOT a small city.

      And the other cities mentioned - Houston, Phoenix, Austin and Dallas - are all larger than Atlanta even.

      In fact, after the four "Big Cities," Phoenix and Houston are the fifth and sixth biggest in the country, respectively.

      1. I don't think you understand. NYC, DC, LA, Chicago and San Fran are THE cities. The others aren't worth mentioning as an exodus and certainly not worth visiting to see what they are actually like.

        1. Fly-over cities.

      2. 6 of the top 22 US cities by population are in Texas.

        (Houston 4, San Antonio 6, Dallas 9, Austin 10, Ft. Worth 12, El Paso 22)

    3. City limits wise, it's not very big. Population under a million. But it has cities within and connected to it that might in other places be included within city limits, so a massive immediate metro area and huge metro 20 miles out in all directions

      1. Similar to Detroit, although Detroit is smaller. The city itself is down to less than a million people, but it’s surrounded by a bunch of other cities that add up to almost five million. And the borders of the metro area aren’t that far from Ann Arbor, with another 100,000+ people and UofM.

        1. That's how the SF Bay Area works as well - SF itself has less than 900k in population, but is also only 49 square miles - pretty much a 7-mile by 7-mile square - but the Bay Area as a whole has a population approaching 10M, and is the fifth most populous "combined statistical area" in the United States.

      2. Spot on. Atlanta Metro is well over 5 million, easily top ten depending on where you draw the outer limits. City of Atlanta is barely in the top 50 in terms of US cities, smaller than Nashville, Louisville, Albuquerque, etc.

    1. Fuck Joe Biden

    2. Peasants don’t need coffee.

  30. Between July 2020 and July 2021, more than 700,000 people (combined) moved out of Chicago, Los Angeles, New York, and San Francisco.

    While the largest U.S. cities saw population decreases, smaller cities gained population over that same time period. Atlanta, Austin, Dallas, Houston, and Phoenix added a combined 300,000 residents.
    ---------
    Gee I wonder what it was!??!?!?!

    1. https://twitter.com/JeffVaughn/status/1507066733302992912?t=C7BgoE7UbNYhTswektNnSA&s=19

      Breaking: LAPD issues warning about wearing jewelry in public. Citywide robberies are up 18 percent, robberies with handgun up 44 percent, per @LAPDHQ

      1. What happened to teaching men not to rob instead of telling women how to dress?

        1. ^

        2. You're assuming the gender of the jewelry wearer. It could be a male pimp or a cross-dressing hooker, you Sexist Transphobe! 😉

          1. Racist as well, though I will guess that urban white 'males' may wear jewelry that rural men would find ridiculous and equate to a bell on a plow.

        3. She was asking for it.

  31. What I've been writing here about law in general is something I'm very frustrated about. We have this vast, expensive institution built up slowly, consisting mostly of kludges. It gives shitty results and seems poised to do so for millennia to come. It seems to be just tolerable enough not to be overthrown; people are afraid to get rid of it for fear that whatever replaces it will be worse, even as it slowly gets more expensive, slower, and worse in performance.

    Such degradation can hardly be avoided, considering how law develops. It's the worst of both worlds, being neither a product of scientific advance design nor a spontaneous order that emerges from independent actors and experience with free choice and competition. Instead it's a monopoly that slowly reacted to complaints by becoming progressively more corrupt.

    I'd rather start from scratch, which means we'll have to do without law for a while, maybe an entire generation though probably less, while a better system emerges. We'll have had the benefit of experience with the old systems, so it shouldn't take anywhere near as much time, but we won't be stuck with any of the old. I like Biden's slogan here, build back better, but that's a pretty obvious one, isn't it? Just don't let him touch it, because he typifies the corruption of the profession he grew into.

    1. Law in general is bad enough, but criminal law in particular looks like a cruel parody of law. So if I had to lower my sights, I'd get rid of just criminal law, even though that'd mean we'd still be stuck with the rest of law as is for who-knows-how-long.

    2. Various proposals short of "starting from scratch" have been floated: a legislative body to overturn laws with a one-third vote; requiring all laws to expire after five years; ....

      1. But that's just about legislation. What about law? I mean the actual system?

    3. Who is allowed to touch this new system?

      1. No Bidens and only one Homer at a time. Other than that, wide open.

    4. Just don't let him touch it anything or anyone.

      FTFY

    5. Agreed, law is a ridiculous specialist caste/class, the attorneys that can and will be be replaced by a computer kiosk. I don't foresee judges or juries being replaced, as human input is needed, but a white collar class that learns a topic for a case then consider themselves an expert are a blight. The labyrinthine and deliberately expensive, slow, and complicated legal system is worse than a blight, it is a cancer.

      1. Still way better than summary judgment from the local magistrate.

  32. "A fifth employee at a federal women's prison in California has been indicted on charges stemming from sexual abuse of an inmate," reports USA Today.

    I look forward to the Netflix documentary.

    1. It's not true. Bad things only happen in private prisons

    2. Shouldn't it be on cinemax?

      1. Or Pornhub?

  33. Days since enbs last yglasias reffrence :15

    1. How can we create the queer hyperspace pandemisexual colony if we dont start indoctrinating kids early?

      1. Hey now! My Queer Hyperspace Pandemisexual Colony is for Adults Only! ID is required at the door!

        1. ID? That’s racist.

  34. The pandemic saw the populations of major American urban centers plummet as residents fled for less crowded and less expensive locales.

    The progs told each other that all those people were dead.

    1. Is that supposed to be funny?

      1. It's both funny, and sad. That's how sarcastic humor works. We've noted that you, like most left-leaning and progressive bigots, are more than a bit slow, but do try to keep up.

        1. How’s Spokane?

    2. Voting numbers remained consistent in 2020 though.

      1. Sorry. They increased.

    1. For the ADL the only real Nazis are anyone who opposes the Democratic Party.

  35. https://twitter.com/realjuliasong/status/1507373886907817990?t=-Bbz18hZKcLeERHnPJPb3Q&s=19

    There has been no major catastrophic natural event that led to shortage of gas, lumber or agricultural products.

    If we freeze to death & our children starve, it’s not because we ran out of resources.

    It’s because the elites made it so that we would have no access to any of that

    Surely, however, they will never feel the impact of their policies and corruption.

    Inflation and shortages wont ever affect them.

    They are like a whole different species, living in a whole different planet. They wont ever be on our side.

    We’re pariahs. We are unworthy.

    1. The only natural catastrophes the elites know about are from progressive doctrine, like plagues, famines, and climate something.

  36. Freedom of speech, yes. Freedom from the consequences of your speech? Hell no. Someone being unclear on the concept here. How the hell did this make it all the way up to SCOTUS?

    1. And what should those consequences for speaking your mind be, Brandy?
      Maybe you can elucidate what you think those penalties should be, because the ones that I've seen so far look pretty damn fascist.

      1. Words are dangerous and scary to brandy.

  37. what do you tip a chamber maid?

  38. >>Idaho Republicans want to defund libraries.

    nobody would notice.

    1. Imagine posting about government programs being cut like it's a bad thing, on a libertarian website.

  39. Did people here know there was a mass shooting event at a carshow in Arkansas on Saturday? 1 dead, 27 injured. Apparently a mass gunfight with bullets spraying across a crowd and hitting multiple bystanders.

    It happened on Saturday and I literally just now learned about it. Nobody is talking about it on any news outlet I'm aware of. I wonder why.

    1. Because I stand with Ukraine?

    2. What were the melanin levels of the gang shooters and the victims? The secret lies there.

      1. I can't tell what race they identify as, I'm not a scientist.

    3. Those geriatric white street rod guys are a rough crowd. My dad runs with a crew like that. The shows are always chaos.

  40. Way to combat those stereotypes, Nikole Hannah-Jones. Did the AMA support and retweet this?

  41. Nikole Hannah-Jones is extremely niggardly.

    1. Please. That's dingerdly.

    2. You know that every restaurant she walks into, she's immediately getting seated in whatever section is being worked by the newest waitress on staff.

  42. Case is worthless as it's limited to one very very narrow issue, '....“We do not address today questions concerning legislative censures accompanied by punishments, or those aimed at private individuals,” Gorsuch said....' Reason tries desperately to make it seem that is (school) board member objects to CRT at home while typing on social media that this case allows the board to impose sanctions against the user/board member posting on his own time. Nothing could be further from the truth. Case should have been dismissed at the Lower Court for the reasons stated by Gorsuch.

  43. "A reprimand, no matter how strongly worded, does not materially impair freedom of speech,"

    That’s bullshit.

    A reprimand injures a career without due process. That is the ONLY purpose of a reprimand. Injury is not merely speech.

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