Athletics

One Way That Institutionalized Racism Finally Died, Division I Football Edition

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As a graduate of the State University at Buffalo and a college sports fan, I've followed the Bulls football fortunes this season with special interest. Founded in 1846 as a private college, Buffalo has one of the older—and pathetic—gridiron traditions in the U.S. This season they managed to take the title in the Mid-American Conference by beating an undefeated Ball State squad (tough luck, Letterman and Jim "Garfield" Davis) and winning a bid to the lowly International Bowl in Toronto (suffice it to say, any bowl game played in The Great White North is decidedly second- or third-rate).

But Buffalo's strong season shone a light on a story from half a century ago that highlights the innumerable ways that overwhelming, insitutionalized, and all-too-accepted racism came to an end in America. In 1958, Buffalo was invited to the Tangerine Bowl, held in Orlando, Florida.

Fifty years ago the Bulls had one of their finest seasons: 8-1 and an appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show to receive the Lambert Cup, the trophy given to the best small program in the East. A few days later Buffalo was invited to play in the Tangerine Bowl in Orlando. Once they learned of the conditions, the team and university chancellor Clifford Furnas declined the invitation.

"The issue was discrimination," the Courier Express, a Buffalo newspaper, wrote at the time. "Two of Buffalo's players are Negroes. Willie Evans, a left halfback, led the Bulls in rushing yardage…. Mike Wilson is a reserve end." The stadium leaseholder back then, the Orlando High School Athletic Association, stipulated "there be no intermingling of the races in athletic contests in the stadium."

"They are two of our finest young men…. The possibility of discrimination against any member of the team prevents our appearance at the game," said Furnas, a 1920 track Olympian and scientist who served in the Eisenhower administration.

More here.

Another story about the incident fills in locker-room details:

The players were left to decide whether to play without…the only two African-Americans on the team.

It was quickly evident which way the players were leaning. The vote was taken before ballots could even be distributed.

"It was, 'Shall we leave the Italians home? Oh my God, really?' There was a lot of anger," former offensive tackle Jack Dempsey said. "We just threw the ballots on the floor and left. It was, 'Let's get out of here and go get a beer."'

More here.

Racism (and certainly segregation) died a death of a thousand cuts. It certainly took too long and the worst form of collectivism lingers on in various ways. But it's worth recalling various stopping points where individuals and institutions chose not to go along with such an invidious and insidious force in American history.

Reason's Matt Welch wrote a fantastic essay about how free agency helped erode racial animus in sports. Read all about how the experiences of basketball great Oscar Robertson, baseball bonus baby Dick Allen, and former Olivetti Girl Joe Namath speak to all that.

NEXT: The Trouble with Today's College Football

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  1. Re discrimination in sports, that great libertarian thinker Ron Paul has pointed out how fleet of foot young black men are.

  2. From the annals of libertarian opposition to racism:

    An October 1990 edition of Ron Paul’s Political Report ridicules black activists, led by Al Sharpton, for demonstrating at the Statue of Liberty in favor of renaming New York City after Martin Luther King. The newsletter suggests that “Welfaria,” “Zooville,” “Rapetown,” “Dirtburg,” and “Lazyopolis” would be better alternatives–and says, “Next time, hold that demonstration at a food stamp bureau or a crack house.”

  3. Ooo, Rapetown! Pretty catchy.

  4. “Welfaria” “Zooville” “Rapetown” “Dirtburg” “Lazyopolis”

    While the comments are dopey and not funny, I don’t see any reference to race in any of these. Unlike, say, “Hymietown”.

  5. “I don’t see any reference to race in any of these.”

    Then you’re a fucking moron.

  6. I was hoping electing Barack would bring about change and we wouldn’t have to talk about race anymore. Seems like the opposite is true.

  7. You know what they say, Warren, hope in one hand…

  8. I was hoping electing Barack would bring about change and we wouldn’t have to talk about race anymore. Seems like the opposite is true.

    Are you kidding? The troglodytes and the “Order of Our Lady who is Perpetually Offended” members won’t let something that defines themselves go.

    Print those newletters, hold a press conference, and troll for blogs to troll. Pathetic.

  9. So this Lefiti think blacks are on welfare, rapists, live in zoos, are dirty and smoke crack? Dude, why don’t you go back to little green footballs where you came from?

  10. Wait a minute, this happened before the Civil Rights Act? Impossible. We all know that were it not for the CRA, blacks would be murdered in their homes by angry white mobs every other day.

  11. Racism (and certainly segregation) died a death of a thousand cuts.

    Really? Don’t colleges still use race as a determining factor in their admissions apps?

  12. Dogzilla-

    Hymietown was not a racial reference-unless you subscribe to the nonsense that jews are a separate race.

  13. That jews are a separate and distinct race is Hitlerian nonsense.

  14. libertymike, Hitlerian? I thought many jewish people are failry xenophobic and interested in preserving their “race”. At least the Hasidic neighborhood near me can be described that way.

  15. Hymietown was not a racial reference

    Riiiight…then neither is Niggertown. The intent is clear. Racism isn’t only about race.

  16. Racism isn’t only about race.

    Come again?

  17. Racism isn’t only about race.

    Come again?

    It’s about ism too.

  18. ‘Let’s get out of here and go get a beer.”

    Children drinking beer? Oh, horror!
    That school ahould be put on probation.

  19. Racism is no longer about skin colour so much as it is culture. Racism against “teh joos” or any group is really culturalism. Eventually, phenotypical definitions of race will be nearly unrecognizable.

    As discussed elsewhere, culture wars are stupid.

  20. I think the point being that anyone who would use the term “Hymietown” views the jews as a separate and distinct race, no?

  21. My gosh, you’re right, Lefiti. “Dirtburg” and “Lazyopolis” make me think of white trash!

    Sincerely,

    Second-Generation Polish-Lithuanian-American, waiting for my bailout

  22. and Zoo York makes me think of hoodies

  23. fuckin ill hoodies, amiright?

  24. Alright UB!!

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