Child Labor

Adoption is as easy as learning Chinese


I'm beginning to think I may not learn Mandarin in time for our trip to China on Wednesday.

I never thought I'd be able to read it. According to Mobo C.F. Gao's Mandarin Chinese: An Introduction, "a knowledge of 3,000 characters is enough to get by in everyday use," while "the average printing shop stocks around 6,000 characters."

Nor did I expect to speak Mandarin like a native. But I had hoped to learn a few basic phrases that would be helpful in communicating with the newest member of our family, a toddler named She Mei Chun. Phrases like "Don't touch that!" and "Don't put that in your mouth!"

Conveniently, there's a phonetic, Roman-alphabet version of Mandarin known as pinyin designed to make learning the language easier. Inconveniently, the letters don't always correspond to the sounds you might expect.

Using a c to represent the sound "ts" or a z to signify "ds" is not much of a stretch, I suppose, and ch reassuringly corresponds to the initial consonant in chicken, except "with the tongue curled back" (according to Lonely Planet's Beijing guide). Even the guttural h is not hard to remember, especially if you're used to Hebrew (or German).

I started to get confused, however, when I learned that the letter q also makes a "ch" sound, but without the curled-back tongue. Likewise, using an r to make the sound "zh" and an x for "sh" is so counterintuitive that I suspect it's a joke played on English speakers.

As for the vowels, it's not so hard to pronounce a as in father or o as in lot, or even to remember that i takes the place of a long e while ou indicates a long o. But I admit I was intimidated when I read in Gao's book that for certain Chinese vowel sounds "there is no English equivalent."

The point where I really started to despair was when I found out about the tones. Even if you keep the pinyin letters straight and master the unfamiliar vowels and consonants, you can still be misunderstood unless you speak with the right lilt.

The word ma, for instance, can mean "hemp," "scold," "horse," or "mother," depending upon whether your voice goes up, goes down, goes up and down, or remains steady. To make matters worse, the marks that signify tones in pinyin ordinarily indicate pronunciation: A flat line, for example, means a flat, high tone, not a long vowel.

Like learning Mandarin, adopting a child from China has been more complicated than my wife and I anticipated. We adopted our first daughter in the U.S., and when we started on the second I'd been led to believe the Chinese route was easier. Yet it's been two years of mind-numbing paperwork, meetings, home studies, medical tests, and background checks. Also bank checks. Lots of those.

You learn not to question the requirements. Why do we have to be fingerprinted twice? Why do notaries in China seem to charge so much more for their services than their American counterparts? Who knows? We just do as we're told.

Meanwhile, on Sex and the City Charlotte and Harry were assigned a Chinese baby almost immediately after their domestic adoption (itself arranged in record time) fell through. We hate them.

When I mention that we're adopting a girl from China, even to strangers such as the teller at our bank or the customer service representative at our insurance company, the usual response is, "Oh, that's so wonderful!" If it's so wonderful, why is it so hard?

Like most people who adopt, we've been struck by the dichotomy between the legal treatment of biological parents, who are presumed fit unless there's good reason to believe otherwise, and adoptive parents, who must prove their fitness—in the case of overseas adoptions, to the satisfaction of two governments. Among other things, this entailed writing a letter to the Chinese government promising that we would feed, clothe, and shelter our new daughter; that she would be treated as a member of the family; and that we would not abandon her by the side of the road when we got her back to the U.S.

Biological parents, by contrast, do not have to make any showing that they are ready, willing, and able to raise a child. I'm not advocating a license for childbearing. But it's clear that more children would find homes if adoption were half as easy as it seems on TV.