"I have never seen a thin person drinking Diet Coke," tweeted Donald Trump, himself a frequent consumer of diet soda, back in 2012. Besides being an amusing self-own, Trump's comment helps explain the trouble with most research on diet drinks—including a new study that's been making the media rounds this week.
"It doesn't matter if it's sugary or diet: New study links all soda to an early death," reported The Washington Post on September 4. It was one of many similar headlines. The implication of all of them was clear: Zero-calorie cola is a big fat lie, and if you don't ditch it now you're staring down a premature grave.
But let's back up. Here's what the paper in JAMA Internal Medicine actually found about drinks containing artificial sweeteners: People who consumed two or more per day were slightly more likely than those who abstained from all soda to die from diseases related to circulatory problems. (Consuming one or more sugar-sweetened soda per day, meanwhile, was associated with increase risk of dying from liver, appendix, pancreas, and intestinal diseases.) Whether these circulatory problems are directly related to diet soda is unknown—and there are good reasons to suspect they are not.
"Researchers cautioned that elevated soft-drink consumption may be a marker for an overall unhealthy lifestyle," the Post points out. That is, people who consume sodas daily may also be more likely to eat out at restaurants, consume processed snacks, or engage in other dietary habits that up their disease risk.
Alternately, people who don't drink soda at all may be more likely to engage in some behaviors—drinking more water, say, or consuming other nutritious beverages—that accrue them disease-protective benefits.
And while all sorts of people drink diet soda, it tends to be especially popular among people actively trying to lose weight and/or to give up a non-diet soda habit. Which is to say that diet drink consumers could (as that Trump tweet suggests) be heavier to begin with, or could share some other quality (such as previously high consumption of sugary drinks) that sets them up for future health problems.
The scientist behind this study tried to account for some confounding factors, such as smoking and obesity. But accounting for all lifestyle differences is impossible. Here's what the lead researcher, Neil Murphy, told the Post:
We recognize that a possible explanation for the positive associations found for artificially sweetened soft drinks is that participants who were already at greater health risk (those who were overweight or obese; those with prediabetes) may have switched to artificially sweetened soft drinks to manage their calorie and sugar intake.
Even the notoriously pro-nanny-state Center for Science in the Public Interest urged caution about the latest research. "This new European study is somewhat inconsistent with earlier findings," the group's director of nutrition told the Post.
That's true: Several meta-analyses last year found no association between drinking diet soda and weight gain or increased body mass index. Those studies also found no association between aspartame (the most common artificial sweetener) and negative effects on heart-disease risk factors, fat levels, or metabolic issues.
Brothel lawyer fights for sex worker rights. "You can say, 'No sex without a condom.' You can say, 'No sex until we're married.' But you can't say, 'No sex until you pay me'? And that feels like it really undermines what consent means," Katherine Sears told the Des Moines TV station KCCI.
"Sears is so passionate about the decriminalization of prostitution, she is willing to take prostitution cases on pro bono," reports KCCI in its profile of the lawyer, mother, and part-time Nevada brothel worker.
"Their bodies belong to them," Sears told the station, "and we have absolutely no reason to be telling them that you cannot condition your consent this way."
Medicare for All—or something else? That's become a major question for 2020 presidential candidates. "Given the persistent political and policy challenges to passing and implementing a single-payer system along the lines envisioned by Sen. Bernie Sanders (I–Vt.) and other Medicare-for-All boosters," writes Peter Suderman, "the answer is probably going to be 'something else.'" So what does "something else" mean?
The most likely answer is a "public plan" or "public option"—that is, a government-run health insurance plan that would exist alongside today's insurance options, supplementing employer coverage, Obamacare, Medicare, and Medicaid without fully displacing them. Indeed, should Democrats win both Congress and the White House, the proposal of a public option is, at this point, far more likely than a big push for Sanders-style Medicare for All….
A public option would probably be less radical, less disruptive, and, on paper, less expensive for the government than Sanders' Medicare for All proposal. Yet it would still pose real challenges in terms of cost and political viability.
— Ashley Parker (@AshleyRParker) September 6, 2019
- More evidence that the "vaping linked illness" has naught to do with vaping per se. Instead it appears to be tied to black market cannabis vape pens containing high levels of Vitamin E.
- Arizona, Kansas, Nevada, and South Carolina "will cancel their 2020 GOP presidential primaries and caucuses…in a move which will make it much more difficult for Donald Trump's Republican critics to challenge him," reports The Daily Beast.
- Protecting and serving:
"It first started out as just taking nude pictures. And then it became to where it was sexual." She was 15 and the person taking photos was a sheriff's deputy/dispatcher. https://t.co/2aJdAyVU90 @Enquirer @tdemio @jamespilcher @rjstrickleyjr pic.twitter.com/UNlppxXxtq
— Liz Dufour (@ldufour) September 5, 2019
- Twenty-two women are suing the folks behind "Girls Do Porn" for allegedly deceptive and fraudulent practices.
- "BangBros has emerged as the folk hero of the porn industry with its most recent acquisition: PornWikiLeaks," reports AV Club. "The adult-themed production company bought out the doxxing site, which housed over 15,000 porn stars' personal information," and set the servers on fire.
- "Mortality from deaths of despair far surpasses anything seen in America since the dawn of the 20th century," according to the Senate's Joint Economic Committee. However:
At the same time, a long-term perspective reveals that while drug-related deaths have been rising since the late 1950s, the current increase in suicide and alcohol-related deaths began only around 2000, as the opioid crisis ramped up. Suicide and alcohol-related mortality trends track each other well over the past 45 years, and after accounting for the changing age distribution of the US, combined deaths from the two causes were as common in the mid-1970s as today.
- A Handmaid's Tale sequel is coming to Hulu.
- Women can legally go topless now in Colorado Springs, just like men.
- In case you're into this sort of thing:
— Christian Vanderbrouk (@UrbanAchievr) September 6, 2019