Peru's Air Force has revived its Department of Investigation of Anomalous Aerial Phenomena, DIFAA, to research UFO sightings as well as reports of extraterrestrials. The DIFAA was shut down in 2006 but was relaunched as a response to the increased number of UFO sightings being reported by citizens.
The Agence-France Press reports the DIFFA will include air force officials, astronomers, sociologists and archeologists investigating UFO sighting claims. According to the agency, DIFFA's "task is to organize, direct, control and collect information available to investigate and develop records and reports, as well as sorting and processing, filing and custody cases involving these phenomena from the standpoint of national security." Other South American countries, including Uruguay, Brazil, Ecuador, Chile and Argentina, have similar departments to investigate UFO sightings.