Turkey Declared Enemy Combatant: No Presidential Pardon This Thanksgiving


With the president's opponents always ready to call him a dictator, with the F Scale being forced to tape up its arthritic knees and goosestep back into U.S. politics, with the number of Americans who have not been accused of being fascists by Christopher Hitchens rapidly approaching zero, I feel compelled to tamp down the Chicken Little panic over totalitarianism created by President Bush's suggestion that he might use the military to quarantine areas hit by the avian flu.

For starters, it wasn't Bush who first raised the possibility (at least not in public). He was replying to a question about the possibility. And whatever else you make of his reply, it suggests he cracked at least one of those books on his summer reading list:

Q Mr. President, you've been thinking a lot about pandemic flu and the risks in the United States if that should occur. I was wondering, Secretary Leavitt has said that first responders in the states and local governments are not prepared for something like that. To what extent are you concerned about that after Katrina and Rita? And is that one of the reasons you're interested in the idea of using defense assets to respond to something as broad and long-lasting as a flu might be?

THE PRESIDENT: Yes. Thank you for the question. I am concerned about avian flu. I am concerned about what an avian flu outbreak could mean for the United States and the world. I am—I have thought through the scenarios of what an avian flu outbreak could mean. I tried to get a better handle on what the decision-making process would be by reading Mr. Barry's book on the influenza outbreak in 1918. I would recommend it.

The policy decisions for a President in dealing with an avian flu outbreak are difficult. One example: If we had an outbreak somewhere in the United States, do we not then quarantine that part of the country, and how do you then enforce a quarantine? When—it's one thing to shut down airplanes; it's another thing to prevent people from coming in to get exposed to the avian flu. And who best to be able to effect a quarantine? One option is the use of a military that's able to plan and move.

And so that's why I put it on the table. I think it's an important debate for Congress to have. I noticed the other day, evidently, some governors didn't like it. I understand that. I was the commander-in-chief of the National Guard, and proudly so, and, frankly, I didn't want the President telling me how to be the commander-in-chief of the Texas Guard. But Congress needs to take a look at circumstances that may need to vest the capacity of the President to move beyond that debate. And one such catastrophe, or one such challenge could be an avian flu outbreak.

Secondly—wait a minute, this is an important subject. Secondly, during my meetings at the United Nations, not only did I speak about it publicly, I spoke about it privately to as many leaders as I could find, about the need for there to be awareness, one, of the issue; and, two, reporting, rapid reporting to WHO, so that we can deal with a potential pandemic. The reporting needs to be not only on the birds that have fallen ill, but also on tracing the capacity of the virus to go from bird to person, to person. That's when it gets dangerous, when it goes bird-person-person. And we need to know on a real-time basis as quickly as possible, the facts, so that the scientific community, the world scientific community can analyze the facts and begin to deal with it.

Obviously, the best way to deal with a pandemic is to isolate it and keep it isolated in the region in which it begins. As you know, there's been a lot of reporting of different flocks that have fallen ill with the H5N1 virus. And we've also got some cases of the virus being transmitted to person, and we're watching very carefully.

Thirdly, the development of a vaccine—I've spent time with Tony Fauci on the subject. Obviously, it would be helpful if we had a breakthrough in the capacity to develop a vaccine that would enable us to feel comfortable here at home that not only would first responders be able to be vaccinated, but as many Americans as possible, and people around the world. But, unfortunately, there is a—we're just not that far down the manufacturing process. And there's a spray, as you know, that can maybe help arrest the spread of the disease, which is in relatively limited supply.

So one of the issues is how do we encourage the manufacturing capacity of the country, and maybe the world, to be prepared to deal with the outbreak of a pandemic. In other words, can we surge enough production to be able to help deal with the issue?

I take this issue very seriously, and I appreciate you bringing it to our attention. The people of the country ought to rest assured that we're doing everything we can: We're watching it, we're careful, we're in communications with the world. I'm not predicting an outbreak; I'm just suggesting to you that we better be thinking about it. And we are. And we're more than thinking about it; we're trying to put plans in place, and one of the plans—back to where your original question came—was, if we need to take some significant action, how best to do so. And I think the President ought to have all options on the table to understand what the consequences are, but—all assets on the table—not options—assets on the table to be able to deal with something this significant.

My beef isn't (necessarily) with Bush's considering the use of the military in some kind of cocked-up war on chickenosis, nor even his trying to lay the groundwork for calling up the troops for upcoming natural disasters. What gives me the creeps is that he always seems so enthusiastic about it. An administration that is talking up changes to the posse comitatus act should at least pay the usual lip service to circumscription of powers. It may be a hopeful sign that these comments are raising an alarm, but by themselves they don't prove much. Now when he tells us troops will be necessary to ensure the integrity of the 2008 election, I might start scratching my head (or just my balls).

The remarkably terse posse comitatus act, which an Army Reserve major calls "more of a procedural formality than an actual impediment to the use of U.S. military forces in homeland defense."

Meanwhile, who's keeping an eye on the militarization of plain old flatfoots?

Albert Camus, a fave of Reason editor Nick Gillespie, examined the use of force in quarantine situations (and other stuff) in The Plague. A painfully slow but visually interesting Luis Puenzo adaptation of The Plague with William Hurt and Sandrine Bonnaire was widely panned. George Romero set the Army against a population of quarantined Pennsylvanians in his forgotten non-zombie joint The Crazies. But the King of Horror did the ultimate Army/plague mashup in the bravura opening act of The Stand.

Australians begin trials of an avian flu vaccine.

In 1976, America came through the swine flu scourge with all flags flying—another of the many reasons I'll take pork over chicken any day.

NEXT: Don't Forget to Breathe

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  1. Turkey Declared Enemy Combatant: No Presidential Pardon This Thanksgiving

    Great Onion reference!

  2. We at the First United Methodist Ladies Aid Society intend to do our part. We are knitting little sweaters for chickens. It is only a small contribution, we know, but we help where we can.

  3. The tinfoil hatter in me thinks this is merely to soften us up for the ever-growing police state.

    It’s a fucking collusion. The left screams that the feds need to be the first, second, and third line in disaster response and management, and the right says “Great, we’ll roll in the tanks, go house to house to confiscate legal weapons, and herd people around like animals”.

    And barely a peep from the media.


  4. The question clearly looks planted to me.

    I also don’t see why governments seem to be wanting to do this kind of unprecedented stuff to prevent a disease that has only killed 65 people in the world, and is not spread human-human. (Normal flu kills 50,000-70,000 in the USA every year)

  5. Several things here:
    Yes, pandemics are scary, and far from unheard of. The outbreak of 1918 (there are several good books on that subject, not just the one the Pres. claims to have read) was a good example. In some cases, a quarantine might be necessary to avert a very real disaster. However: the fact that diseases have incubation periods in which a carrier may be contagious but not symtomatic, combined with the mobility of modern society means that the disease may well have spread too far to contain before anyone realizes we have a problem.
    Quarantines are effective only if the outbreak is isolated, and really only stop outbreaks if the resevoir is also quarantined or eliminated.
    The best way to deal with a disease that carries the potential to become pandemic is to create and distribute a vaccine. NPR carried a story several weeks ago about one for avian flu that looks promising.
    Finally, about avian flu specifically: the disease only becomes dangerous if, after making the jump from birds to people, it develops and effective means of person-to-person transmission. Of all the means available, aerosol transmission is the one that could prove truly difficult to deal with. Standard precautions can deal with fluid-born diseases, and vectors can be isolated and eliminated.
    So far, the avian flu has not demonstrated the ability to spread person-to-person, much less by aerosol. While it’s a good idea to keep an eye on this group of viruses, it’s hardly time to freak out.

  6. If Commandante Bush thinks the chickens will take such tyranny simply because they are ill he will soon be in for quite a surprise.

    And I would like to extend thanks to our sisters-in-arms at the First United Methodist Ladies Aid Society.

  7. the disease only becomes dangerous if, after making the jump from birds to people, it develops and effective means of person-to-person transmission.

    Coincidentally, just a week or so ago I was reading about the pandemic of 1917 and how that might reflect upon modern diseases like SARS and avian flu. This is the going theory about it (with some scientific background): generally speaking, flu viruses that infect birds can’t “infect” humans–you can get the virus in your body, but you won’t actually get sick. The problem comes if you get the bird flu in your body while you’re already suffering from human flu–in that case, the bird flu and human flu can exchange DNA and then you develop a new bird-human mutation virus, which is close enough to human flu to make humans sick, yet different enough that the average human immune system just can’t handle it. And if that happens, there’s a damned good chance that the new human/bird flu mutation will be just as airborne-contagious as the regular human flu.

    So anyway, the speculation is that the pandemic of 1917 was a human/animal flu hybrid. And of course there’s always the chance that a new hybrid will form and infect serious numbers of humans; problem is, as Number 6 has pointed out, what possible good would a quarantine do, unless the first outbreak occurs in some isolated out-of-the-way town? The world today is so interconnected that a virus could circle the whole planet in less than a day–all you need is one contagious person in a big-city airport, for instance.

  8. Preznit no give me turkee?

  9. He’ll give you a turkey, Joe. Hope you like eating plastic.

  10. Jennifer,

    IANAB, but how would viruses exchange genetic material (actually RNA for viruses)? They don’t reproduce sexually, but use host cells to produce more viruses of their own strain.

  11. crimethink,

    If I remember my AP Biology correctly…

    Viruses inject their genetic material into the cells of the host, which then produce copies of the virus. Then the cell fills up with viruses, burts, and the baby viruses enter the system. If a cell was “taken over” by two similar viruses at the same time, it makes sense that the result could be second-generation viruses that contain a combination of each variety’s genetic code.

  12. joe is correct. some viruses, such as HIV, have 2 strands of nucleic acids (some viruses use DNA as their heriditary material, some (such as HIV, again) use RNA). there was an article some years ago from the CDC’s journal of emerging infectious diseases about the creation of new strains of HIV from multiply infected individuals having new virus particles made with strands of nucleic acids from different sources.

  13. Yeah the first part of the stand was really cool, with Blue Oyster Cult playing and all, but then that movie draaaaaaggggeeeeeddddddd…I watched it all in one day once, not realizing how long it was, boy did that movie get ridiculous at the end.

  14. What does “IANAB” mean? Is it an acronym for “I am not arguing, but?” That’s my guess.

  15. “I am not a biologist”
    “I am not a blogger”
    “I am not a buggerer”
    “I am never aluminum bag”
    “Icarus annuled new anal book”

    the possibilities are endless.

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