The owner of the "Fifty Shades" copyrights sued three California pornography companies, claiming they are making unauthorized films and sex toys based on the blockbuster trilogy.

Fifty Shades Ltd. and Universal City Studios, which owns movie rights to the books, sued Smash Pictures, two other alleged porno filmmakers, and three men who own or work for them.

Named as defendants are Smash Pictures, of Chatsworth; its owner Daniel Quinn, of Colchester, Conn.; Luv Moves; Right Ascension Inc. dba Adult DVD Empire; Stuart Wall, of Sherman Oaks, vice president of Smash; and James Lane aka Jim Powers, of Northridge, the alleged "write and director of the XXX adaptations."