could of course be expanded out into a polynomial. As you might gather, it would be a polynomial of order 11, with 12 coefficients, i.e., ax11+bx10…+jx2+kx+l. So far, nothing mysterious here.
What is the value of the sum of all the coefficients, a+b+…+j+k+l? Show all work!
UPDATE: Relatedly, what is the value of a-b+…-j+k-l (with the +s and -s alternating)?