Lorries filled with weapons, ammunition and food were seen heading from Goma towards rebel strongholds in the forests further north.

Rebel patrols in the city, held for more than a week by the M23 movement, had also been scaled back and witnesses said that they saw fewer of the groups' soldiers on the streets.

Its commanders agreed to pull troops back to positions some 12 miles outside of Goma, following peace talks mediated by the government of Uganda in Kampala.