Alexandria security services removed book kiosks from Al-Nabi Daniel Street in the early hours of Friday morning on orders from the newly-appointed governor, Mohamed Atta Abbas.
The street was in chaos as piles of books and destroyed kiosks accumulated.
The destruction was met with anger on social networking sites, as activists expressed their rejection of the campaign and called for demonstrations after Friday prayers.
Al-Nabi Daniel Street is an important cultural heritage site in Alexandria.
A number of writers and journalists denounced the demolition of the book market.